The Line Breaks Down Sweet 16 Odds, Lines, Prop Bets
If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. Password Must be at least 6 characters and contain a number and an uppercase and lowercase letter. The first college basketball game with five on a side was played between the University of Chicago and the University of Iowa in Iowa City on January 18, Plenty of other spots will be locked up in the coming week with conference tournament action getting in full swing. This table shows mid-major teams that saw success in the tournament from now-defunct conferences or were independents. San Diego Sports Arena.
Mind, Body and Sport: How being injured affects mental health
These case examples demonstrate how injury can trigger significant depression and suicidal ideation. Concussion is another injury that can be very challenging for student-athletes to handle emotionally. An injury like an ACL — while it poses a serious setback to the student-athlete — at least comes with a somewhat predictable timeline for rehabilitation and recovery.
What makes concussion particularly difficult is that unlike most injuries, the timeline for recovery and return to play is unknown. With concussion, the initial period of treatment includes both cognitive and physical rest, which counters the rigorous exercise routine many student-athletes often depend on to handle stressors. Given the emotional and cognitive symptoms associated with concussion, student-athletes often struggle with their academic demands.
For the student-athlete with concussion, it is especially important — and difficult — to watch for problematic psychological responses to the injury. Some student-athletes experience emotional symptoms as a direct result of the brain trauma that can include feeling sad or irritable.
In some cases, the psychological reaction to the concussion — rather than the concussion itself — can be the trigger for the depression. It is also important to be aware that with increasing media attention being paid to neurodegenerative diseases such as chronic traumatic encephalopathy CTE among professional athletes, some student-athletes might fear that even the mildest concussive injury will make them susceptible to these highly distressing outcomes.
Though there is very little known about what causes CTE or what the true incidence of CTE is, the concern for possibly developing permanent neurodegenerative disease can be paralyzing. Athletic trainers and team physicians can help educate injured student-athletes about the known risks associated with concussions and can help them focus on managing the injury in the present.
They should also be aware that student-athletes who are expressing a high level of anxiety could be experiencing a mental health condition that requires treatment by a mental health professional. Injured student-athletes who are having a problematic psychological response to injury may be reticent to seek treatment.
They may be afraid to reveal their symptoms, may see seeking counseling as a sign of weakness, may be accustomed to working through pain, may have a sense of entitlement and never had to struggle, and may not have developed healthy coping mechanisms to deal with failure.
In addition, many student-athletes have not developed their identity outside of that as an athlete. Underscoring the availability of sports medicine staffs to provide for early referral and management of mental health issues is essential.
This is often incredibly helpful in encouraging student-athletes to seek care. Having programs available to educate student-athletes as well as sports medicine and administrative staffs regarding the resources available and the importance of collaborative programming helps provide appropriate care.
It is important to understand the mental health resources available on each campus and consider both early referral as well as establishing multidisciplinary teams that include athletic trainers, team physicians, psychologists, psychiatrists and other health care providers to provide care for mental health issues in student-athletes.
If this can be incorporated into the overall goal of optimizing performance, along with nutrition and strength and conditioning, it may be better received by student-athletes and coaches, thereby increasing the compliance with management and treatment. The committee also determines where all sixty-eight teams are seeded and placed in the bracket. The tournament is divided into four regions and each region has at least sixteen teams, but four additional teams are added per the decision of the Selection Committee.
First Four , below. The committee is charged with making each of the four regions as close as possible in overall quality of teams from wherever they come from. The names of the regions vary from year to year, and are broadly geographic such as "West", "South", "East", and "Midwest". From to , the "Mideast", roughly corresponding to the Southeastern region of the United States , designation was used.
From to , the Mideast region was known as "Southeast" and again changed to "South" starting from The selected names roughly correspond to the location of the four cities hosting the regional finals. From to , the regions were named after their host cities, e. Louis, Missouri , and West Phoenix, Arizona. The selection committee ranks the whole field of 68 teams from 1 to It did not make this information public until The committee then divides the teams amongst the regions.
The top four teams will be distributed among the four regions, and each will receive a No. The next four ranked teams will then be distributed among the four regions, each receiving a No. Carried to its logical conclusion, this would give each region seventeen teams—seeded from No. As can be seen below, the actual seeding depends on among other factors the rankings of the eight teams that the committee selects for the "First Four" opening round see the next paragraph and the "First Four" section below.
The selection committee is also instructed to place teams so that whenever possible, teams from the same conference cannot meet until the regional finals. Additionally, it is also instructed to avoid any possible rematches of regular-season or previous year's tournament games during the First and Second rounds. To comply with these other requirements, the selection committee may move one or several teams up or down one seed from their respective original seed line.
In addition, the rankings of the eight teams selected for the "First Four" play-in round will likewise affect the final seedlings. The bracket is thus established, and during the semifinals, the champion of the top-ranked number 1 seed's region will play against the champion of the fourth-ranked number 1 seed's region, and the champion of the second-ranked number 1 seed's region will play against the champion of the third-ranked number 1 seed's region.
In the men's tournament, all sites are nominally neutral; teams are prohibited from playing tournament games on their home courts prior to the Final Four though in some cases, a team may be fortunate enough to play in or near its home state or city. By current NCAA rules, any court on which a team hosts more than three regular-season games in other words, not including conference tournament games is considered a "home court". However, while a team can be moved to a different region if its home court is being used during any of the first two weeks of the tournament, the Final Four venue is determined years in advance, and cannot be changed regardless of participants.
For this reason a team could potentially play in a Final Four on its home court, though this is unlikely, since the Final Four is staged at venues larger than most college basketball arenas.
The most recent team to play the Final Four in its home city was Butler during ; its home court then seated only 10,, as opposed to the 70,plus capacity of Lucas Oil Stadium , the Final Four venue.
The tournament is single-elimination , which increases the chance of an underdog and lower-seeded " Cinderella team" advancing to subsequent rounds. Although these lower-ranked teams are forced to play stronger teams, they need only one win to advance instead of needing to win a majority of games in a series, as in professional basketball.
First held during , the First Four are games between the four lowest-ranked at-large teams and the four lowest-ranked automatic-bid conference-champion teams. During the First Round the Round of 64 , the No. The effect of this seeding structure ensures that the better a team is ranked and therefore seeded , the worse-ranked and presumably weaker their opponents will be.
Sixteen first-round games are played on the Thursday following the "First Four" round. The remaining sixteen first-round games are played Friday. At this point the contestants are reduced to 32 teams. The second round consists of Thursday's winners playing in eight games on Saturday, followed by Friday's winners playing in the remaining eight second-round games on Sunday.
Thus, after the first weekend, 16 teams remain, commonly known as the "Sweet Sixteen. Four regional semi-final games are played Thursday and four are played Friday. After Friday's games, 8 teams the Elite Eight remain. Saturday features two regional final games matching Thursday's winners and Sunday's two final games match Friday's winners. After the second weekend of the tournament, the four regional champions are the "Final Four. The winners of each region advance to the Final Four, where the national semifinals are played on Saturday and the national championship is played on Monday.
As is noted above , which regional champion will play which, and in which semifinal they play, is determined by the overall rankings of the four No. The last time, as of , an independent mid-major team won the National Championship was when Marquette won with a win over North Carolina. However, at the time, a significant minority of NCAA Division I schools were still independents, with several of these, including Marquette, being traditional basketball powers.
Marquette is now a member of the Big East Conference, the one non-football league that is universally considered a major basketball conference.
The last time, as of the present day, a mid-major team from a small media market defined as a market out of the top 25 television markets in the United States in won the National Championship was arguably when Cincinnati , then in the MVC, won 71—59 over Ohio State of the Big Ten, since Cincinnati's TV market is listed 35th in the nation as of However, there was much less of a division between "major" and "mid-major" conferences in The two most recent Final Fours have involved a single "mid-major" team by the definition used here—the and tournaments, in which Gonzaga and Loyola—Chicago were respectively involved although Gonzaga is arguably not a "mid-major" team despite its WCC membership, given that the Bulldogs have appeared in every NCAA tournament in the 21st century.
Bonaventure for third place. Below is a table that shows the performance of mid-major teams from the Sweet Sixteen round to the National Championship Game from —the tournament's first year—to This table shows mid-major teams that saw success in the tournament from now-defunct conferences or were independents. List of schools with the longest time between NCAA tournament appearances minimum year drought:.
Through , four schools that were considered "major college" by the Associated Press when it published its first college basketball rankings in , and have been continuously in the AP's "major" classification, have yet to reach the national tournament. While the NCAA did not split into divisions until university and college , the AP has distinguished "major colleges" from "small colleges" throughout the history of its basketball rankings. The NCAA tournament has changed its format many times over the years, many of which are listed below.
After the conclusion of the tournament, there was speculation about increasing the tournament size to as many as teams. From to , the round of 64 was deemed to be the second round; beginning in , the round of 64 was again deemed to be the first round. The process of seeding was first used in for automatically qualified Q and at-large L teams respectively, and then for all teams within their respective region in When seeding, the NCAA has used the following names for the four regions with the exception of to when they were named after host cities:.
Bold denotes team also won tournament. To date, only Kentucky and Virginia have had a 1 Seed in each of the four regions. Last updated through tournament.
For a list of all the cities and arenas that have hosted the Final Four, go to Host cities , below. Additionally, Indianapolis has hosted the Final Four seven times, across three venues. From to , the NCAA required that all Final Four sessions take place in domed stadiums with a minimum capacity of 40,, usually having only half of the dome in use. The Metrodome in Minneapolis , which usually hosted baseball and football , had one of the long ends of the court along the first base line with temporary stands surrounding the court so that much of the outfield is isolated from the action.
As of , the minimum was increased to 70,, by adding additional seating on the floor of the dome, and raising the court on a platform three feet above the dome's floor, which is usually crowned for football, like the setup at Ford Field in Detroit which hosted the Final Four.
In September , the NCAA began preliminary discussions on the possibility of returning occasional Final Fours to basketball-specific arenas in major metropolitan areas. I don't know where this will lead, if anywhere, but the right thing is to sit down and have these conversations and see if we want our championship in more than eight cities or do we like playing exclusively in domes. We don't play on a campus. We play in professional football arenas.
Under then-current criteria, only nine stadiums, all but one of which are current NFL venues, could be considered as Final Four locations: Petersburg, Florida —were considered too small to be eligible to host, despite the Alamodome being a college football stadium and having a permanent seating capacity of 65, The basketball setup at the Alamodome prior to used only half of the stadium and had a capacity of 39, This was changed for the Final Four to place a raised court at the center of the stadium as has been done with other football facilities.
In July , the NCAA had a portal available on its website for venues to make Final Four proposals in the — period, and there were no restrictions on proposals based on venue size.
Also, the NCAA decided that future regionals will no longer be held in domes. In Katz' report, Lewis indicated that the use of domes for regionals was intended as a dry run for future Final Four venues, but this particular policy was no longer necessary because all of the Final Four sites from to had already hosted regionals.
Prior to , only one team per conference could be in the NCAA tournament. However, after several highly ranked teams in the country were denied entrance into the tournament e. However, in the s the NCAA ruled that no team could compete in both tournaments. Since then, the NCAA tournament has clearly been the major one, with conference champions and the majority of the top-ranked teams participating in it.
A third-place game was held from to Additionally, when the tournament was first held in with only two regionals East and West , the West held a third-place game, but the East did not. The East began holding its own third-place game in , and from then on every regional held a third-place game through the tournament. Beginning during , the field was expanded from 64 to 65 teams, adding to the tournament what was informally known as the "play-in game.
Originally, the winner of the Mountain West's tournament did not receive an automatic bid, and doing so would mean the elimination of one of the at-large bids. As an alternative to eliminating an at-large bid, the NCAA expanded the tournament to 65 teams.
During , the tournament expanded to 68 teams. Four "play-in" games are now played, officially known as the "First Four".
Explaining the reasoning for this format, selection committee chairman Dan Guerrero said, "We felt if we were going to expand the field it would create better drama for the tournament if the First Four was much more exciting.
They could all be on the 10 line or the 12 line or the 11 line. From to , the round consisting of 64 teams and 32 games was called the "first round", while the round consisting of 32 teams and 16 games was called the "second round". From to , the "First Four" became the first round. The round after the "First Four", the round of 64 played on Thursday and Friday, was called the "second round"; the round of 32 was then called the "third round", consisting of games played on Saturday and Sunday.
For the to tournaments, all teams playing at a first- or second-round site fed into the same regional site. Since , the tournament has used the "pod system" designed to limit the early-round travel of as many teams as possible. In the pod system, each of the eight first- and second-round sites is assigned two pods, where each group of four teams play each other.
A host site's pods may be from different regions, and thus the winners of each pod would advance into separate regional tournaments. Since , the semi-final matches during the first day of the Final Four weekend have been determined by a procedure based upon the original seeding of the full field. From through , the pitting of regional champions in the semi-finals was on a rotational basis. Prior to , one semifinal matched the champions of the eastern regions, and the other matched the champions of the western regions.
On several occasions NCAA tournament teams played their games in their home arena. In , Louisville played at its regular home of Freedom Hall ; however, the Cardinals lost to West Virginia in the semifinals. In , Dayton played its first-round game against Villanova it lost on its home floor. Since the inception of the modern Final Four in , only once has a team played a Final Four on its actual home court—Louisville in But through the tournament, three other teams have played the Final Four in their home cities , one other team has played in its metropolitan area , and six additional teams have played the Final Four in their home states through the tournament.
UCLA had a similar advantage in and when it advanced to the Final Four at the Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena , not many miles from the Bruins' homecourt of Pauley Pavilion also UCLA's home arena before the latter venue opened in , and again during the season while Pauley was closed for renovations ; unlike Louisville and Cal, the Bruins won the national title on both occasions.
Butler lost the title 6 miles 9. Before the Final Four was established, the East and West regionals were held at separate sites, with the winners advancing to the title game. During that era, three New York City teams, all from Manhattan , played in the East Regional at Madison Square Garden —frequently used as a "big-game" venue by each team—and advanced at least to the national semifinals.
The team was put in the East Region, and played its regional games at its home arena Reynolds Coliseum. NC State played the final four and national championship games at nearby Greensboro Coliseum. While not its home state, Kansas has played in the championship game in Kansas City, Missouri , only 45 minutes from the campus in Lawrence, Kansas , not just once, but four times.
In , , and the Jayhawks lost the championship game each time at Municipal Auditorium. Similarly, in , Illinois played in St. Louis, Missouri , where it enjoyed a noticeable homecourt advantage, yet still lost in the championship game to North Carolina.
The NCAA had banned the Bon Secours Wellness Arena , originally known as Bi-Lo Center, and Colonial Life Arena , originally Colonial Center, in South Carolina from hosting tournament games, despite their sizes 16, and 18, seats, respectively because of an NAACP protest at the Bi-Lo Center during the first and second round tournament games over that state's refusal to completely remove the Confederate Battle Flag from the state capitol grounds, although it had already been relocated from atop the capitol dome to a less prominent place in The NCAA argued that House Bill 2 made it "challenging to guarantee that host communities can help deliver [an inclusive atmosphere]".
As a tournament ritual, the winning team cuts down the nets at the end of regional championship games as well as the national championship game. Starting with the seniors, and moving down by classes, players each cut a single strand off of each net; the head coach cuts the last strand connecting the net to the hoop, claiming the net itself.
The loser of the championship game receives a silver-plated National Runner-Up trophy for second place. Since , all four Final Four teams receive a bronze plated NCAA Regional Championship trophy; prior to , only the teams who did not make the title game received bronze plated trophies for being a semifinalist.
The champions also receive a commemorative gold championship ring , and the other three Final Four teams receive Final Four rings.
Ostensibly, this award is given for taking the top position in the NABC's end-of-season poll, but this is invariably the same as the NCAA championship game winner. After the championship trophy is awarded, one player is selected and then awarded the Most Outstanding Player award which almost always comes from the championship team. It is not intended to be the same as a Most Valuable Player award although it is sometimes informally referred to as such.
Because the National Basketball Association Draft takes place just three months after the NCAA tournament, NBA executives have to decide how players' performances in a maximum of seven games, from the First Four to the championship game, should affect their draft decisions.
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