CNC Programming Tutorials Examples G & M Codes
Dick Cepek Fun Country Kevlar. Locate the storage bars on back of child restraint. The User Defined Keys provided on Yamaha digital consoles are already a standard. Grab hold of the shoulder straps and pull them out of their respective slots on the seat pad. With proper tuning, there is likely room for improvement in emissions and fuel economy.
The original airplane disappeared during WWII, but all drawings have been preserved, and a replica using a VW engine has been build. It resides at the Dansk Veteranfly Museum.
The airplane is in airworthy condition. The KZ-I is constructed entirely from wood. The fuselage is covered with ply-wood and the wings can be folded, to take less hangar space. This cowling, together with the rudder shape, is a very distinct characteristic of all the KZ planes. The incredibly smooth and stream-lined fuselage is remarkable for a plane from this period. Plywood covered welded steel tubing. This was the first real aircraft of the company, and the company decided to design a common structure that could be equipped in three different configurations.
This saved design time, and the company immediately had three products at the outset. The KZ-II airplane was thus produced in three different types:.
The interior is all leather, and when the aircraft was announced, it cost 15, DKR — as much as a house! It also has better instrumentation. The seats are arranged in tandem and the original aircraft had a green-house canopy. It was ordered and used by the Royal Danish Air-Force, but without the greenhouse canopy. Metal Frame and fabric. Two were sold to the Danish army as recognesance planes immediately after the war, but the majority was sold domestically.
Some time ago — in the issue of November 1st last year — we gave some details of a new Danish-built cabin two-seater light aircraft known as the KZ-III. A fortnight ago one of these interesting little aircraft paid a short visit to this country before being flown on to the Deauville Rally, and, later, to other Continental airfields.
While here and at Deauville, a number of British pilots had the chance of flying it and were enthusiastic about its characteristics. Although the reading probably subject to considerable position error, it does suggest that the aircraft does everything claimed by the manufacturer.
At its lowest speed the machine merely sinks on a level keep. Since, on the power of a Cirrus Minor II, the maximum speed is m. In a very general way it resembles the pre-war Puss and Leopard Moths in that it is a strut-braced high-wing aircraft, and it follows more up-to-date ideas in the layout of a wide side-by-side-seater cabin. This layout, in fact, provides cause for one minor criticism — the the view to the rear is almost non-existent.
Later this year, however, a four-seater version is to be put into production, and this will have a transparent root and rear windows, which will right the matter. Structurally the KZ-III is conventional with two-spar fabric and ply-covered wooden main-plain, and fabric-covered steel-fuselage. A brief description with data and a photograph of the cockpit interior appeared in Flight of July 25th.
As in his custom with pilots who are interested, Mr. The doors are not upholstered but the cabin is quite quiet, and it is possible to talk normally while flying.
The cirrus Minor II engine is smooth and well mounted, and the minimum of vibration is felt in the cockpit at full power. When taxying, extremes of rudder movement are achieved more comfortably than on many comparable aircradt. The brakes, controlled by a large hand lever on the left side of the panel and by differential rudder effect, were satisfactory.
Forward view on the ground is quite good. There are four flap positions, and a number two is used for take-off. At low speeds there is not much change in trim and stick position when bringing flaps in from the take-off position, there is more change, however, at rather higher speeds and when lowering full flap.
Perhaps the most striking flying characteristic are the ability to maintain control during extraordinary steep climbs at low speed, the extremely tight prolonged turns which can be made without loss of height, and the completely docile stall with or without flaps.
With stick on the back stop and rudder completely stalled, there is still a little aileron control. Recovering is immediate, and when the KZ-III was finally induced to stall almost violently by using full engine and flap with stick in the full backward position, the left wing dropped in the start of a spin, but full recovery was affected with the loss of approximately 50 ft.
It has fixed slots. Although the aircraft is relatively short, it has good fore-and-aft control and positive feel until touch-down at between 55 and 60 km. In level flight at ft. Later production aircraft are to have extra transparent panels at the side behind pilot and passenger and in the roof, and this should remove what appears to be the only criticism of the KZ-III, namely poor readward view.
The present standard provision for carrying a stretcher which can be loaded through a large hinged panel on the port side of the fuselage is to be abandoned. A four-seater with h. Zonen had a Monospar S. Skandinavisk Aero Industry was more than interested. The company had survived on building various metal products during the war, so when the opportunity arose to build aircraft again, they jumped at the opportunity.
The design proved very challenging. The requirement were for take-off from small islands and forest clearings, and powerful engines were impossible to come by during the War. It only covered the costs, but they hoped further orders might emerge after the war. Everything had to be constructed from wood. Most parts were hollowed out to save weight.
A total of 20, drawings were required. Construction started in Everything had to be constructed from scratch, as nothing was available. There were about 40 craftsmen working on the aircraft. However, SAI decided to move its offices from Aalborg to new buildings at Tuborg Harbour in Copenhagen, due to a lack of woodworking specialists. The aircraft was freighted to Copenhagen on a small ship.
Assembly of the aircraft continued, and the aircraft was presented to Zonen, on the 5th of February Zonen sent out information packs to over schools, and the factory had an open-house day where more than 15, school children came to see the aircraft. The aircraft was test-flown from Kastrup Airport, on the 1st of March and during the following 2 month. Simonsen, an employee at Zonen. KZ-IV was an immediate success. The negotiations were a success, and the release of all Danish and Norwegian concentration camp prisoners in Germany was guaranteed.
The KZ-IV was later used to transport some of the weakest concentration camp prisoners back to Denmark. A few month later, members of the Danish government was flown to Bornholm due to the Russian bombardment of the island.
It was then used to airlift a countess home from Prague — a major media-event. After the war, many sick children were taken up in the KZ-IV, since is had been discovered that high altitude would relieve the symptoms of whooping cough. It was even used as a flying delivery room, when the wife of the Zonen chairman delivered a boy child at m altitude, on her way from Vejle to Copenhagen. The second aircraft, was ordered by Zonen, but it should take almost 3 years before it was delivered.
Problems with delivery, and a factory fire in the 17th of February left the factory in ruins. The reconstruction, or rebuild, of the KZ-IV was further delayed, as the plans had to be re-drawn. OY-DIZ is still in flying conditions and is sometimes seen in the air.
It was designed in as a two-engined aircraft similar to the deHavilland Dove, except entirely out of wood. It was to be a tail-dragger with a very similar appearance to the KZ-IV, but able to take off from and land on very short landing strips. The picture shows a model made of the aircraft. It was designed in as a small passenger plane with room for four passengers and two crew. It was a twin-engined aircraft using a pusher configuration. It was the first SAI airplane with a fixed tri-cycle landing gear, and was thus easier to get in and out of, compared to tail-draggers, as required by the passengers of its day.
The KZ-VII was a four-seater and the view rearwards was greatly improved, by adding a window at the back of the plane. You can also change configuration parameters at any time without service costs. The Operator Control Panel provides access to the configuration options. Configuring the in Mode 3. If the optional dual interface board is installed in your printer, the status display will give you the option of pressing the Start key for the menu or pressing the Stop key for the ASCII menu.
At this point you may select one of the two menus to enter or press the Cancel key to quit and return the printer to the Ready mode. Configuring the in Mode Selecting a Menu Option When the target menu appears on the first line of the status display, you can get into that option and configure the printer by changing the value of that option.
Configuring the in Mode The Configuration Options The chart on Page provides you with a list of the configuration options for the in mode. This section defines the options in each menu. When you select This value is the print position of the last character on the print line. If you choose 0 disable , the page size will be the smaller of the operator panel settings and the Set Media Size values.
Configuring the in Mode i t a i t a s s i n i l n i l b i t e l n i t l i r c i l To select a language character set, follow the configuration procedure that begins on Page Configuring the in Mode — Dotted Zero Use Configuration Option to specify whether a dotted zero should be printed when a zero is selected. If you specify NO, the dotted zero will not be used.
Configuring the in Mode — Form Feed FF Printed with a Space Use Configuration Option to specify whether the print head will move to the first character position or second character position on the next top of form TOF.
To specify the bar code control default, follow the configuration procedure that begins on Page Enter your choice 1, 2, or 3 and press Save. Configuring the in Mode i t a t l i d l To specify your choice, follow the configuration procedure that begins on Page Enter your choice 0, 1, or 2 and press Save.
Configuring the in Mode If you choose an operator selected print format for Option , the last value saved for each parameter becomes the new default value when the printer is powered on. Configuring the in Mode Before specifying the print head style, turn the printer off. Refer to the label on the print head to determine which style of print head is installed.
Configuring the in Mode — i r r t l i r r — i r r — a r t i t c i r r — In normal operation, the default should be used. The other choices enable the printer to be used with a faulty ribbon or ribbon sensor.
Configuring the in Mode — Auto Eject To make it easy for you to tear off forms, configuration Option enables you to have an automatic form eject after the has been idle in DOD mode for an operator selectable time period. Configuring the in Mode — Horizontal Offset Use Configuration Option to set the first printable position on the page.
Values range between 0 and Units are in increments of 0. Configuring the in Mode t l To specify your choice, follow the configuration procedure that begins on Page Enter your choice 0 or 1 and press Save. If you specify NO by entering 0 , the paper skew sensor will be disabled. Configuring the in Mode Note that you will only be able to access the option that corresponds to the device you have in the printer; that is, if you have a DID device, the menu will only allow you to access the DID Load Adjust option.
Configuring the in Mode — Report Intervention Configuration Option enables you to set the so that interventions are or are not reported to the host. Configuring the in Mode — Buffer Size Configuration Option lets you select the effective size of the display screen from these options: You can select a different screen size by pressing the appropriate number key 1, 2, 3, or 4 , or you can keep the current size by pressing Save.
Configuring the in Mode Attachment The following options define printer attachment. Configuring the in Mode Extended Keypad The following options define the extended keypad. To print this list, follow the configuration procedure that begins on Page Configuring the in Mode — Quick Reference Use Configuration Option to print all possible option values associated with each option. All configuration values will be reset to the factory default values except the following these options can only be changed by selecting them in Options mode: Configuring the in Mode — Save Custom Set Configuration Option specifies which custom set you will immediately copy the current set into.
Parameters such as CPI, LPI, and so on that you changed during a print job can be saved into one of these custom sets and recalled later when required. Configuring the in Mode — PA1 Configuration Option is used for special applications. In Stop mode, press the Option key. Follow the configuration procedure that begins on Page to bring up this option.
Unidirectional printing improves dot registration. Bidirectional printing is faster, but a degradation in print registration may occur. Configuring the in ASCII Mode The configuration process enables you to customize the to meet your specific operating needs without assistance from Customer Service.
You are now in the Menu mode. You will see the first menu of the menu list displayed on the first line of the status display and the first option of that menu displayed on the second line of the status display. Configuring the in ASCII Mode Selecting a Menu Option When the target menu appears on the first line of the status display, you can get into that option and configure the printer by changing the value of that option.
Valid values are 1 through The default setting is To specify the forms length, follow the configuration procedure that begins on Page You can enter a different value, or keep the current value by pressing Save. If this option is enabled, the printer skips three lines at the end of each page. With this Option enabled, the ANSI Space character is processed as an actual bar code character and the ANSI comma character serves as a bar code separator as well as a space character to move the print position one space to the right.
The normally powers on with all printer format parameters set to their front panel values. If you specify NO by entering 0 , the alarm does not sound. Valid values range from 90 to The default is Configuring the in ASCII Mode i t a y l l h t i i s s e t f t n i i s s i t a y l l t e r t n i i t i t l u To specify your choice, follow the configuration procedure that begins on Page Values range from 0 through This option is used with bidirectional printing only.
If you specify NO by entering 0 , the paper skew sensor is disabled. Paper skew is checked only when the Forms module is in DID mode. The intensity ranges from light to dark. Enter your choice and press the Save key. The printer baud rate must match that of the host. This selection must match that of the host. A value of 0 seconds means that if the printer is in the mode indicated by the option or when it enters that mode, it will remain in that mode until this option is changed to a nonzero value or until power is cycled.
Operating the Operating procedures for the can be divided into three categories: Operating the If no operator set values have been saved for the print format settings, that is, choice 2 has been saved for Configuration Option see Chapter 4 , the assumes the following default values: Operating the Adjusting the Top of Form Position Once you have printed the setup line, you can visually verify the top of form position, as well as the left and right margins of the print line.
If you want to fine adjust the top of form position, follow these steps: For the remaining option settings, you can save them to one of four available custom sets by using Option , Save Custom Set. Operating the To reprint the print buffer, follow these steps: Press Stop to place the in Stop mode. Correct any problems that need attention. Press Form Feed to advance the forms to the first line of the next page.
Maintaining the Maintenance procedures for the include allowing adequate ventilation, cleaning the printer, replacing and changing the print head as necessary, and adjusting the print registration as required. Ventilation Inadequate ventilation of the may result in overheating, which can damage the printer. Maintaining the To order a print head kit for the , contact your MTX sales representative.
Use the following part number: When the has been printing for an extended time, the print head may occasionally slow down, start printing unidirectionally, and pause at the end of each line. Maintaining the Connectors Figure Replacing the Print Head Note: Print head style 2 has a connector at the top of the print head. This connector does not have to be disconnected when you remove the print head. Take care that the wiring from the ribbon select motor stays through the carriage restraining hook.
Maintaining the Remove the mounting screws on each side of the print head with the hex key provided with the replacement print head. Remove the print head by carefully pulling it straight up.
Mounting Screws Figure Maintaining the Caution Failure to enter the correct print head style under Configuration Option can result in poor print head performance and can damage the print head. Press the Save key and the Stop key. If you plan to print in data processing quality, enter 1. Maintaining the To check character width and print registration after changing the print head and before printing text, you can use Option in bold and normal text to print out samples of the character width and registration.
Make sure the print head is printing bidirectionally for separate test results, then use Configuration Options and to make adjustments as necessary. Maintaining the Checking Print Registration 1. Make sure that inch wide Make sure that the is in Stop mode. If necessary, press the Stop key. Select Option D02 under the Diagnostic menu. Decrease Print Registration Value To verify your change, press Save and exit Menu mode.
The printer will reinitialize. Go back to Step 3 of this procedure until print registration is acceptable in the center portion of the printout. Error Detection and Recovery The has encountered an error condition when one or both of the following occur: When either of these conditions occurs, immediately press the Stop key to place the in Stop mode.
Error Detection and Recovery General Error Conditions General errors are caused by hardware, software, or communications failures, and are identified by an error message in the display window. These errors cannot be as readily corrected by the operator and may require the assistance of a Field Engineer. Status and Error Message Chart i t i e l l l l a. Status and Error Message Chart i t i i t i t s i , r e. Status and Error Message Chart i t i c i f. Programming Notes The following considerations should be observed in systems applications involving the printer.
SCS control codes honored by the are presented below. Control the CPI from the host by using the accepted formatted values listed below. Programming Notes LU3 Mode Field Attributes For all field attributes, if the base color is disabled, the field attribute color is black or green, according to the printer configuration. These values remain in effect until they are overridden by specific datastream commands from the host application program.
IPDS initialization default values for the are as follows. Programming Notes Command Format All commands use the following format: Programming Notes Note 6: If the host wants to request the second buffer, the request must be the next command following the request for the first buffer of an acknowledgment.
However, it is not required that the host request the second buffer of an acknowledgment. Programming Notes Text Function Set Commands The Text function set contains the commands and data controls for presenting text information on a logical page, page segment, or overlay area on a physical page.
The Text function set commands are: Programming Notes Bar Code Function Set Commands The Bar Code function set contains the commands and controls for presenting bar code information on a logical page, page segment, or overlay area on a physical page.
The Bar Code function set commands are: Programming Notes Loaded Font Function Set Commands The Loaded Font function set contains the commands used to download and delete font information from the font storage of the printer. The Loaded Font function set commands are: Using Escape Sequences in Mode In a multiuser environment, several programs or display stations may require special printing formats.
Programming Notes Escape sequences can be linked to get the desired combination of print format and style. Selecting the Escape Character The code that alerts the to expect an escape sequence is called the escape character. Press the Stop key, if the printer is ready. Press the Left Arrow or Right Arrow key until the number of the escape character you want is displayed.
Always use the escape character and the code 1F at the beginning and end of a file to clear the to normal character style. Escape code 1F resets escape codes 10 through 1E, and assures that italic, boldface, underlined, or elongated characters set by another operator will not affect your printed output.
For clarity, printed bar codes will be referred to as bar code strips. Bar codes are printed as the result of data entered in a sequence of steps beginning with an escape character.
Programming Notes Standard Text Additional or standard text can be printed between completed bar code strips. To print this text, you must know where the first character of text is to be printed measured from the left margin in 0. It should be normal practice to run a test printing to check alignment before loading self adhesive labels. Number 1 includes all parameters required and optional , and Number 2 includes only required parameters.
The data separator character is a semicolon. Standard text This is the text printed between bar code strips. NL New line The height of the printed bar code characters equals the number of New Line commands multiplied by the reciprocal of the number of lines per inch.
The new line calculation formula is: Programming Notes Figure B Calculating New Line Characters Note: Short bar code strips demand greater accuracy of the operator during the scanning procedure. Programming Notes Calculating Checksums The checksum is a number used to assure the accuracy of the scanning of a bar code. Programming Notes Note 1: Emphasized printing is effective only in pica pitch. Double high characters require a Forms Handler module.
The standard PC character set will be selected by default if a Forms Handler module is not installed. Programming Notes Horizontal Tabbing Commands Absolute and relative horizontal tab stops are controlled with the commands listed below.
After receipt of a spacing command, each LF command or equivalent results in the line feed distance specified by the spacing command. Programming Notes Page Formatting Commands These commands set the left, right, top, and bottom margins.
The ESC C command clears the vertical tabs and skip. The ESC N command causes the printer to skip n lines on the current page and advance the paper to the first printline. Programming Notes A bit image is structured by a collection of dots arranged in rows and columns. A collection of eight dots sequentially arranged in a column is called a pattern byte. The smallest unit of the bit image is called a pattern element. There are two types of patterns that are determined by the number of dots used in an element: Programming Notes This byte specifies the printer for which the following device-dependent parameter bytes are intended.
If the ID does not address your printer, the parameter bytes that follow are ignored. The ANSI bar code is made up of three programming elements or commands as follows: Programming Notes Bar code data must follow the specifications of the bar code type selected. Spaces and commas are processed as delimiters, not as bar code characters. One line of text will be on the same line as the bar code command and two lines will follow that complete the processing of the bar code printout.
Refer to Chapter 5 of this manual. This table gives both the hexadecimal and decimal value of the character codes. Consumables The tables below provide a list of part numbers for ribbons and print heads used by the The character count should be recorded each time the print head is replaced.