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Indian laws have prescribed stringent punishment for mobile application developers , websites developers , mobile payment service providers , etc. Those policies generally include training programmes for employees regarding responsible gaming, advising and informing all players concerning responsible gaming and how to make informed choices about products and play in general, and the operation of voluntary exclusion programmes. In , the Mississippi Gambling Commission raided and padlocked an Alpha casino boat operation. According to John A. Burns estimates billions more are wagered on Canadian soil when you take into account bets made between friends or with illegal bookies, some of whom are tied to organized crime.

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The Supreme Court has clarified that the present petitions before it pertain to offline rummy only and managing online rummy or online poker is still a legally risky area. Supreme Court has categorically mentioned that it would not decide the legality of online poker or online rummy till the Indian government comes out with a policy decision in this regard.

In the past Supreme Court asked the Indian government to clarify its stand regarding online rummy but the government refused to provide any opinion in this regard. Thus, legality of online poker or online rummy is still a grey area and online gaming and gambling stakeholders must comply with the applicable laws of India till Indian government comes up with some policy or law in this regard.

The Indian government has to decide not only about the skills versus gambling criteria but also the techno legal aspects that are attributable to use of technology. Most of them have failed to address crucial techno legal aspects by presuming that online rummy or online poker are legally permissible in India. It is true that till now managing online poker or online rummy activities in India are not governed by a dedicated legal framework but this is no reason to ignore the provisions of Information Technology Act, and other applicable laws of India.

It would be a fatal mistake to assume that the refusal by the Supreme Court to decide about the legality of online rummy or online poker is a fee licence to engage in these activities. On the contrary, it is a warning sign that the entire business structure revolving around online gaming and gambling industry of India need to be in strict compliance with applicable laws of India.

Perry4Law hopes that the online rummy and online poker stakeholders would appreciate the seriousness of the situation and make their business activities and websites law compliant and this starts with drafting of appropriate terms and conditions and other legal documents for the websites. Online gaming has created great interest among the gaming stakeholders.

India has also witnesses many companies and gaming stakeholders trying to establish their online gaming business. These include launch of online poker and rummy websites, online card games websites, etc. However, in the absence of a holistic and comprehensive regulatory framework in this regard, online card games and online games are still legally risky ventures.

In fact, online card games websites may be legally risky if not properly drafted and managed. Till now the position regarding playing rummy with stakes is not clear and different High Courts have given conflicting judgments in this regard.

This has exposed all those who are playing card games with stakes to numerous litigations across the India. For instance, a majority of online poker and rummy websites are flouting laws of India and they can be punished any time by the government. Unfortunately, this is not happening as on date and online gaming websites are openly flouting the laws of India.

They are not at all complying with the cyber law due diligence PDF requirements of Indian cyber law. What is more surprising is the stand of Indian Government in this regard. Indian Government is neither clarifying its stand before the Supreme Court nor is bringing a suitable techno legal legislation to make the regulatory uncertainty clear. Perry4Law believes that the least various online gaming stakeholders can do is to comply with the maximum possible laws of India.

This compliance requirement must consider technological, traditional and commercial laws of India. Gambling in India is age old and as a general rule it is prohibited in India. The Constitution of India has demarcated the legislation making powers between the centre and states. The power to make rules and laws regarding gaming and gambling has been conferred upon the states. As a result different states have passed different laws upon gaming and gambling in their respective states.

Some states have absolutely prohibited gambling in their jurisdiction whereas some have allowed the same to be done within their jurisdictions. While gaming and gambling entrepreneurs are still struggling to understand and apply the laws of gaming and gambling of various states, information and communication technology ICT has added another complicated dimension to this entire scenario. Now gaming and gambling is being conducted in an online environment with the help of software, hardware and other ICT systems.

As a result Indian government is finding it very difficult to deal with online gambling in India. There are no specific and dedicated online gaming and gambling laws in India. This has not deterred various individuals and companies from exploring the online gaming industry of India. This has also resulted in increased numbers of arrests and prosecutions of various individuals and companies in India. For instance, recently the owner of an online betting website for IPL 7 was arrested in Mumbai for allowing betting on his website.

Similar arrests have been made by police of Delhi , Ahmedabad , Mumbai , etc. Meanwhile some stakeholders and entrepreneurs approached the Supreme Court of India to get clarity on the legality of online games like rummy, poker, etc. Supreme Court asked the opinion of Central Government in this regard but the same has been informally denied by the Central Government. This means that till the time Supreme Court actually says that online rummy, online poker and online card games are legal in India, majority of these gaming stakeholders may be exposing themselves to legal risks and civil and criminal liabilities.

There is also a very thin line between skills oriented gaming and gambling. For one an online game may be skills based game hence allowed whereas for another it may be an act of gambling hence punishable. Indian Supreme Court is presently hearing a matter that can decide whether playing online rummy, poker and card games is legal or illegal in India. Realising the complex legal issues involved in the litigation, the Supreme Court of India referred the matter to Central Government for its opinion.

However, Central Government has not provided any formal reply so far and a formal reply is expected from Central Government on12th November , the next data of hearing of this case.

The Centre has asked the Supreme Court to adjudicate the matter at its own level citing different judicial decisions and constitutional issues. We have a central law on gambling called the Public Gambling Act of Similarly, we have many state laws on gambling that are mostly based upon the central law. Further, almost all the state laws are regulating real world or offline gambling in India.

The exception in this regard can be found in the laws applicable in places like Goa and Sikkim. To bring uniformity among various laws regarding gambling in India, the present Law Commission of India is analysing whether the Public Gambling Act of should be repealed or not.

Meanwhile, those engaging in online betting and gambling are at risks of being arrested and prosecuted. Recently the owner of an online betting website for IPL 7 was arrested in Mumbai for allowing betting on his website. The income tax official also raided four offshore casino vessels and one onshore casino in Panaji.

The legality of use of Bitcoins for gaming and gambling in India is also doubtful and full of legal risks. There are certain rules to decide whether online gambling and betting is legal in India or not. There are totally different set of rules for running an online poker website in India. In many cases police in India has arrested people indulging in illegal online betting. In short, legality of online gambling and online gaming is still a grey area that requires extensive legal research and compliances before launching the website in this regard.

The Supreme Court of India has to decide these complicated issues in the present litigation. If the SC holds online rummy, online poker and card games for stakes as gambling, the states could prosecute those engaged in such activities within their jurisdictions. However, if the Supreme Court decides in favour of such online games with stakes, then the Central Government would be required to bring uniform legislation for India.

That would be a tough task for the Central Government as the proposed legislation must be techno legal in nature to be effective and contemporary. This is the reason why the central government is not willing to take any action in this regard. World over countries are finding it difficult to regulate online gaming, betting and gambling activities due to conflict of laws in cyberspace. Online gambling and gaming laws and regulations in India and conflict principles would be very difficult to resolve in these circumstances.

Other issues that require techno legal legislation skills on the part of Central Government are blocking of illegal gambling websites in India , taxation issues , online gaming regulations , mobile gaming regulations , payment gateways issues , mobile payment issues , mobile applications legal issues , etc. Those planning to engage in online games including online rummy, online poker, etc must comply with techno legal requirements prescribed by various existing laws of India.

Otherwise, they would find themselves on the wrong side of Indian laws. Online gaming and gambling laws in India are in a state of flux.

As the stakes are high and online gamings being a lucrative market in India, many stakeholders have taken up the matter before the Supreme Court of India to get a clear legal position. The decision of Indian Supreme Court may establish legality or illegality of online games like rummy, poker, etc.

However, we at Perry4Law believe that online rummy and online poker may still be illegal and punishable despite this judgement of Supreme Court. This is because Indian Supreme Court is not dealing with the legality of online rummy and online poker in strict and absolute sense.

As a result the legal position in this field would remain a grey area. In fact, a decision by Supreme Court without any legislative support may be counterproductive. The real trouble seems to be use of cash or stakes while conducting online rummy and poker competitions without following all the applicable laws of India. This issue is partially covered before the Supreme Court that also between the parties to this litigation alone. Both third parties and the parties to the litigation are in a legally risky position.

Supreme Court is very well aware of this situation and it has taken a stand that was very much required. The Court has asked the Central Government for its legal stand regarding games like online rummy, online poker, etc. The Court issues a notice to the Centre asking it to spell out its position on the legality or otherwise of the online game of rummy and card games involving stakes.

The court also extended its stay on Madras High Court judgment that had held these games illegal as these involved gambling.

However, the stay is applicable only to the petitioners before the Court. This means other are vulnerable to legal risks and they cannot take the protection of this stay. The next hearing of the matter has been fixed for September 25, However, there are no hints that the matter would be settled very soon. It may take few more months or years before the matter is finally settled. We at Perry4Law strongly recommend that online gaming entrepreneurs must ensure techno legal compliance in order to stay on the right side of the law till legal position is made clear in this regard.

Online gaming and gambling industry of United Kingdom UK is fast changing. Regulations governing online gaming and gambling are also redrafted by UK to bring additional control over foreign online gaming and gambling service providers who are targeting UK territory and its citizens. However, they refused to comply with this request of UK government. The Act requires any operator wishing to transact with or advertise to British consumers to obtain an operating licence from the Gambling Commission and is expected to come into force on 01 October The Act has also introduced 15 percent point of consumption tax applied to gaming operators.

The GBGA believes this regime was designed purely for economic reasons. The position as on date is that online rummy and online poker are still legally risky in India. At Perry4Law we believe that Indian players involved in online gaming and gambling activities and targeting UK and Indian markets must comply with both Indian and UK laws.

This is really tricky if they intend to explore other foreign markets as well as conflict of laws in cyberspace are really difficult to manage.

Online Gaming is a multi crore industry in India. Due to diverse legal actions and situations, the matter has reached before the Supreme Court of India. However, there are great misunderstandings and misconceptions regarding the nature of present legal proceedings before the Indian Supreme Court. Supreme Court in this case is not concerned with Online Rummy and it is definitely not concerned with Online Poker. However, Online Gaming Entrepreneurs are very hopeful with the decision of the Supreme Court that may be pronounced in late or in the year This is the reason that Supreme Court of India may not adjudicate upon the online part of gaming activities in India.

Online gaming is a very lucrative industry in India and it is booming at a rapid rate. Lots of entrepreneurs are exploring Indian market in this regard and they have come up with many innovative ideas and games. While this is a good sign for Indian economy and business community yet it is also important for Indian government to suitably regulate the business affairs of these gaming portals. As more and mobile devices are being used for day to day transactions, mobile gaming market segment has also been targeted by these gaming entrepreneurs.

This has given rise to many unique legal challenges before these gaming portals. As on date we have no dedicated online gaming and gambling law in India and application of old laws to this new segment is creating many problems. On the other hand, some Indian States expressly prohibit any form of online gaming and gambling in their jurisdictions. Now it has been mandated that foreign companies and e-commerce portals would be required to register in India and comply with Indian laws.

This would require many techno legal compliances on the part of these companies especially following of the cyber law due diligence PDF and e-commerce due diligence in India. Taxation issues like service tax, sales tax, etc have also started surfacing in India.

Indian government is devising many new methods to make e-commerce and online gaming and gambling websites taxable for their business transactions. In fact, most of the e-commerce websites of India are already on the regulatory scanner of Enforcement Directorate ED for possible foreign exchange and foreign direct investment FDI violations.

Online rummy and online poker have attracted the attention of many gaming entrepreneurs in India. However, regulatory uncertainty has forced them not to explore these areas fully. It is still not clear whether it is legal to play online poker in India or not. Similar is the case with online rummy and none can clearly say that online rummy is legal in India to play till the matter is settled by either the Parliament or the Supreme Court of India.

In fact, ancillary laws applicable to online poker and online rummy are flouted by almost all the poker and rummy websites operating in India whether they are Indian or foreign. The Supreme Court of India is presently hearing a matter that would have a bearing on the interpretation of legality or illegality of online poker and online rummy in India. However, till the matter is conclusively decided by the Indian Supreme Court, it would be a sound business practice to comply with all the applicable laws of India while running various online poker and online rummy websites in India.

Otherwise, civil and criminal prosecutions may occur and that would be a major setback for the gaming entrepreneurs of India. Online gaming and gambling related prosecutions have significantly increased in India. Recently, the police of Delhi , Ahmedabad , Mumbai , etc have made arrests relating to illegal online bettings in India.

If we analyse these negative developments, it is clear that online betting in India is more on the side of contravention of laws than their compliances. The latest to add to this list is the arrest of Jitendra Tanna alias Jitu Dhadi 50 , the owner of the two websites www. He was arrested by the city crime branch from Kandivli on late Tuesday evening. He has been booked under various IPC sections of gambling, cheating, forgery, breach of trust and Information technology IT act and will be produce in the court on Wednesday.

Police said that Jitu is a key accused in the betting racket. Police said that they are also likely to call the professionals who helped them tailor make this website and the software for the bookies. This is natural as well as website developers and software makers are also required to ensure cyber law due diligence PDF in India. Even mobile application developers are liable for violation of Indian laws through their applications.

The mobile gaming and online gaming related regulations in India are also not duly complied with by various stakeholders.

The online gaming market in India is booming but regulatory compliances cannot be ignored. Entertainment and media industry of India is all set to touch new heights in India. Information and communication technology ICT has also expanded the reach and scope of entertainment and media industry in India.

Along with these growth trends there are also many challenges that must be taken care of by these industries. These include cyber law due diligence requirements PDF and cyber security compliances as well. Mobile and online gaming industry of India is also fast maturing and as per various business reports it is going to grow further in the coming years.

However, the mobile application developers in India are not complying with Indian laws as on date. While online gaming market of India is fast growing yet when it comes to rules and regulations various gaming stakeholders are very lax in following the same. Even rules pertaining to mobile payment are not followed in true letter and spirit. Many mobile gaming stakeholders in India have explored the route of e-commerce as well without following the legal requirements.

Surprisingly, the e-commerce due diligence in India is neglected by even the investors and financial institutions. There are set online gaming industry laws in India that must be adhered to by various online gaming stakeholders, including the mobile gaming companies and stakeholders.

Individuals and companies providing online and mobile gaming facilities and services must not only comply with traditional laws of India but also with the Information Technology Act, IT Act and many other techno legal regulations as applicable in India. For instance, a mobile gaming provider may be held accountable for the contents and games it provides to various consumers and users.

Further, payment gateway issues are also involved in mobile gaining services. If a company is involved in the creation and marketing of mobile games, its directors can be held liable for cyber law violations through such mobile games. Even the legal risks for companies developing e-commerce and online and mobile gaming applications and websites in India are well known. In their own interest, mobile games providers in India must strictly comply with the techno legal requirements as prescribed by various Indian laws.

Otherwise, they may find themselves on the wrong side of the Indian laws. Recently the Ahmedabad crime branch arrested two bookies for their alleged role in betting on IPL Cricket matches. According to the police, 40 mobile phones, one television, one mobile signal booster, one laptop, a printer and a voice recorder have been recovered in the raid.

On a tip-off that betting will be placed on IPL cricket match between Sunrises Hyderabad and Mumbai Indians on 30 April, a raid was conducted and the accused were arrested. The police said that the accused were accepting bets in person as well as through mobile phones. They were also providing lines to several other bookies. The betting amount of the match till the time of the raid was Rs 25 lakh and the gang has so far accepted betting amount to the tune of Rs 1 Crore in the ongoing IPL season, according to the police.

During interrogation, the accused disclosed that earlier they used to put bets on cricket matches and subsequently they decided to work as bookies as well as to provide betting lines to small bookies. Rakesh Sethi, the kingpin works as mechanical engineer in a private firm. The betting on IPL cricket matches is not new.

Online gambling and betting in India is strictly regulated and any deviance is considered to be a crime. Despite this fact, illegal online gambling and betting is happening in India a lot.

The individuals who are indulging in illegal online gambling and betting have been operating from all corners of India. They are using technology to conduct their illegal operations and activities. Now it has been reported that the city crime branch of Ahmedabad has arrested two bookies, who were wanted for their alleged role in betting on IPL cricket matches, from Bopal on Saturday. Acting on a tip-off, a team of the crime branch officials raided a shop in a complex on the Sardar Patel Ring Road in the evening and nabbed the two wanted bookies along with five others from the spot.

According to crime branch officials, the team lead by inspector B P Rojiya got a tip-off on Vinod Mulchandani and Jitu Bopal that they were found in Bopal area. The team swung into action and raided a shop in Amrapali Complex on Bopal road.

A member of the team said that the police seized Rs 1. Four cars belonging to the accused have also been seized from the spot by the police. Use of gambling platforms for illegal transactions and money laundering has become a cause of concern for the tax authorities of India. ED believes that Bitcoins can be used for hawala transactions and funding terror operations. Now it has been reported that the income tax officials on Tuesday raided four offshore casino vessels and one onshore casino in Panaji, on a tip-off that they were indulging in illegal cash transactions.

The casinos were shut down for the day, and customers present, when the I-T officials arrived, were asked to leave. It is also compulsory for casino operators to report financial transactions of more than 10 lakh to the financial intelligence unit of the Central Government.

All customer-related data should be retained for 10 years, according to the guidelines. Illegal sports betting have significantly increased in India. In fact, an anti match fixing law of India has already been proposed by Indian Government. However, online gambling and online betting are still not considered to be legal in India except in certain circumstances.

Meanwhile, the law enforcement agencies of India have been working hard to curb and punish online gambling rackets and activities in India. Many sophisticated online gambling rackets have been busted by Indian Police in the past.

Recently Mumbai crime branch busted an online gambling network spreading across India. The new unit will operate under the guidance of the Special Crime Branch in Delhi. The unit will be tasked with investigating and enquiring into matters related to sport frauds, combating malpractices in sports and coordination with sports federations and law enforcement agencies. The Sports Integrity Unit will also actively engage with the Indian Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports in order to ensure that the law dealing with corruption in sports is put in place as soon as possible.

The CBI said that by setting up the new unit, India will become one of the few nations in the world to have a dedicated set up as part of its federal investigative agency that focuses on sporting frauds. The application has described the allegations as false and baseless and said that he was suspended on charges of extortion and demanding bribe from bookies. A Bench of Justices A. Patnaik and Ibrahim Kalifulla had already reserved orders on the plea of Cricket Association of Bihar for a further probe by an independent panel, preferably by Justice Mudgal panel itself.

In his application Mr. He said he was part of the investigation conducted earlier by the CBCID, Chennai and later shunted from the probe and suspended.

He alleged that the Chennai Police had indulged in a cover up operation and had not conducted the probe in a free and fair manner. For the first time, Tamil Nadu Police has clarified that it suspended Kumar in February this year for extracting a bribe from cricket bookies who operated in Chennai. Kumar has appealed against his suspension in Supreme Court.

The Tamil Nadu Police application says: Tamil Nadu police says Kumar should not have deposed before the Mudgal committee.

The court wants Justice Mudgal to lead the probe again, but the Board of Control for Cricket in India is for a new man to head the second round of investigations. The fine line and distinction between online gambling and online gaming in India is not appreciated and understood by online gambling and gaming enthusiastics of India.

Even technical mechanisms are also used to curb such activities in restricted territories or zones. We have very specific and unique online poker laws and regulations in India. Whether by design or ignorance, online poker websites in India are violating these laws of India. Many online poker players in India also play the same in active violation of the laws of India in this regard. Most of them are not even aware whether playing online poker in India is legal or illegal.

Further, taxability of online poker websites of India is another crucial issue that is frequently ignored by poker entrepreneurs. The laws and regulations for online gambling and online gaming in India must be religiously followed by all the stakeholders in their own interest.

Both online gaming and online gambling market of India is fast booming and maturing. Entrepreneurs in these fields have started exploring Indian markets to establish their ventures in India. Some of them have even established their businesses in neighbour countries like Nepal and Sri Lanka so that the moment Indian market is liberalised they can easily establish their venture in India. Amazon is also targeting home entertainment segment as it bought Videogame Studio Double Helix Games.

Mobile games have also become popular world over, including India. The market size for online games and mobile games is tremendous.

There are very few players as on date in the mobile gaming industry of India. However, these players have to resolve many techno legal issues before they can establish their businesses in India. These include mobile payment compliances, payment gateway and POS terminal service due diligence , websites development compliances , Internet intermediary obligations , cyber law due diligence PDF , etc. Presently many mobile application developers are violating Indian laws and may be prosecuted in the near future.

Perry4Law strongly recommends that online and mobile gaming entrepreneurs and businesses in India must ensure techno legal compliances before launching their respective ventures in India.

Avoiding these techno legal compliances would prove counter productive in the long run. Online gambling and gaming is a very lucrative field and it is attracting the attention and interest of both national and international players. However, we have no dedicated online gambling laws in India and the legal jurisprudence in this regard is still evolving.

Both the Indian government and law enforcement agencies of India are trying to tackle technology related crimes and offences in India but without much success. However, immediately after the order, the website was openly available by using proxy URLs. While many believe that it would be an easy ride for Playwin in this regard yet this is not as simple as it is appearing.

As the matter involved information technology and the website has an online presence, the issues of internet intermediary liability and cyber law due diligence PDF would also arise. These issues would not be easy to be countered by Playwin. Playwin cannot take this issue lightly in the near future. Almost all of the online poker websites in India are violating one or other laws of India.

The public has been cautioned not to get involved in such lotteries since it is a banned activity in Andhra Pradesh, he said. The provisional and regular licence under the Sikkim Online Gaming Regulation Act, can be granted but they are not enforceable around the India. These licences have their own territorial and other legal limitations. The state of Andhra Pradesh is agitating one such transgression upon its territorial and legal rights.

Let us see what legal explanations would be provided by Playwin to escape from the blocking threat. Gifts are tax-free, too, so another technique is to create what's known as a granny trust or inheritance trust, named for a non-resident of Canada for the benefit of Canadian resident beneficiaries.

Canadian banks that have branches offshore and on can help repatriate funds using what's called a back-to-back loan. First, for example, a million dollars in offshore profits is put into the Canadian bank's offshore branch. A loan for the same amount is then taken out at an onshore branch back at home. Winnings from gambling are not taxed in Canada, although they may have been concocted in offshore betting schemes with fixed outcomes.

Get out of jail card: Canadian tax cheats can confess and get amnesty from criminal charges if they declare their unreported income and pay taxes owing, plus interest. Pseudonyms will no longer be permitted. By submitting a comment, you accept that CBC has the right to reproduce and publish that comment in whole or in part, in any manner CBC chooses. Please note that CBC does not endorse the opinions expressed in comments.

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We reserve the right to close comments at any time. Justice in America should not have a price tag. It should be color-blind — even to green. We should end the embargo of Cuba and establish normalized relations immediately including closing the U. I firmly oppose the death penalty. It has been demonstrated that it does not deter violence, but instead promotes disrespect for human life.

It is applied mainly against the poor, minorities and, all too often, the innocent. It is barbaric, anachronistic, and counter-productive. As a Congressman, I will seek to abolish the death penalty. I support a military strong enough to protect the people of this country. But I strongly oppose using the military to protect the financial interests of multinational corporations and banks.

After 65 years, there is no reason for us to still be occupying Germany and Japan. I would bring home our troops. This change in mission and deployment would allow the defense budget to be reduced substantially. We now have a trillion dollars in new weapons on the books for future procurement — useless nukes and unneeded cold war weapons. At the same time, we have thousands of soldiers and their families on food stamps. Our priorities must change. The defense budget no longer bears any relationship to our national security.

Maintaining an empire is destroying our economy and society. Compare that with China, the next highest spending country on military: Other civilized countries like Russia, England and France spend far less.

Therefore, I propose a Military Readiness Funding Act that reduces the size of the military and thus the size of government and thus hugely reduces the tax burden on everyone. The Act requires the U. As it stands, the military budget is little more than corporate welfare for the weapons manufacturers.

President Eisenhower warned us about a Military Industrial Complex and it being a subsidy for the transnational financial interests our military protects.

Because of the enormous costs of the Afghanistan and Iraq wars, achieving this goal will take time. Just to replace the helicopters the National Guard needs to deal with natural disasters like Katrina will take many billions of dollars.

Taking care of the disabled veterans created in this war will cost trillions of dollars. This is all the more reason to end American occupations and wars now and use the existing funds to bring home our troops and rebuild our military capability. Congress holds the purse-strings. It should do something with them for a change. Like other small businesses, American family farmers are becoming an endangered species. They are falling victim to globalization and the giant agribusiness transnational corporations.

Farm subsidies should only go to family farms. They are a vital national resource and must be protected and encouraged to develop new methods of sustainable agriculture.

Dairymen and farmers are getting a smaller and smaller share of each dollar we spend in the supermarket. This trend must be reversed. It is imperative that agribusiness is not allowed to push through legislation in the name of food safety, the effect of which would be to promote monopolies in food production. They have used bogus threats of avian flu to get rid of normal poultry in Asia, and false fear of swine flu to wipe out normal swine in Egypt.

They use these mass slaughters to eliminate normal animals so they can substitute genetically-engineered ones they claim are disease-resistant. It is not about food safety. It is about creating an economic monopoly and absolute control of the world food supply. It would require computer tagging of every farm animal including pets in the country. Huge factory farms like Tyson are exempted from the enormous expense, record-keeping, and reporting requirements of this legislation designed to drive small farmers out of business.

Foreign policy must be conducted in the interest of the American people and when not in conflict with this the interest of the people of the world.

It must NOT be conducted in the interest of transnational organizations and their owners. The greatest external threat we face is nuclear terrorism.

We are the target of terrorists because our government is feared and hated — and for good reason. It is hated because it has done hateful things to people all around the world. It has deposed elected leaders and supported brutal dictators who sell out their own people to the multinational corporations.

More recently, our government has been responsible for the death of over half a million children in Iraq and for the rape of Yugoslavia. These wars have further increased the fear and hatred directed against us.

They have provided thousands of new recruits for terrorism and have subsequently increased the terrorist threat to this country. No president should go to war without the approval of Congress and the funding only Congress can provide. As a member of Congress, I will vote to use the men and women of our armed forces to protect our borders, not the financial interests of Israel and Jewish supremacists or elitists.

We must refrain from arrogant unilateralism. Instead, we must use diplomacy and humility to regain a respected place in the family of nations. There is no excuse for attempting to deny the protections of the Geneva Convention to prisoners, whether they are combatants or not. If we mistreat prisoners, we can expect our soldiers to be mistreated as well. But even if our people are tortured and mistreated by their captors, that does not give us an excuse to do likewise.

We are a nation of laws, and we must maintain a position as a responsible member of the family of nations. Iran is perceived as a threat to the security of the United States because of misguided foreign policy due to elements within our Government who are loyal to Israel.

The Shah, in return for selling out his own people to our oil companies, was supported. His infamous Savak secret police was trained, armed, and paid by the United States.

They just want to be left alone to run their country as they see fit. Like North Korea, they desperately need electrical power, and are pursuing nuclear reactors. Analysts at the CIA claim that Iran, even if it really wants nuclear weapons, could not build one for ten years. Senior military officers, disgusted by the war in Iraq, have threatened to resign if our government orders a nuclear attack on Iran. And indeed they should. The Nuremberg principles which this country expounded after World War II provide that military officers have not only the right, but the DUTY to disobey an illegal order.

If we allow our military occupation to continue, we will be doomed to the same kind of defeat in Iraq that we suffered in Vietnam. The occupation is bleeding our military and our treasury. Our troops should be brought home and replaced by peacekeepers from neighboring countries. To make that happen, our government will have to make three commitments: It can order the troops to be withdrawn.

It can also simply stop voting money for the war. Congress is even less likely to act now, so the people must demand the change we voted for. Any solution must somehow be equitable to both sides. A resolution must be found. Violence only breeds more hatred in generations yet to come. The United States has at times played a positive role in bringing the sides together in search of peace.

The Camp David accords under Jimmy Carter gave the world hope that a resolution was at hand. Somehow it slipped away. The subsequent attempts under Bill Clinton had no chance of success because they were predicated on a West Bank looking like a piece of Swiss cheese, with the Palestinian areas being the holes. Any resolution must include a contiguous Palestinian homeland on the West Bank, free of Israeli settlements, highways, checkpoints, and walls.

I am calling for a solution based on Israeli withdrawal to its pre borders coupled with a U. Moreover, Israeli must comply with all UN resolutions. Israel must give up its settlements and its occupations and declare peace with the Palestinians. The task of the United States becomes one of building the peace through active engagement and broad financial assistance to both sides.

One of the best things we can do is encourage economic inter-dependence between the states of Israel and Palestine. Ideally this should take place within a broader campaign to rebuild the entire Middle East.

Such an endeavor can only succeed if we are seen as an impartial and benign helping hand — not as an occupying power, nor as a lapdog for either side. We are useless as a peacemaker so long as we are seen as an ally of Israel fighting her wars for her.

Bush and the then heads of state of Mexico and Canada quietly talked of an agreement initiating the SPP and heading our three nations toward political union.

This highway was to parallel Interstate 35 through Texas and on up to a major trade hub in Kansas City. Neither the hub in Kansas City or the toll road itself would belong to the United States. Like so many of our toll roads, and our sea-ports, it was to be foreign owned. American longshoremen and teamsters were to be avoided altogether. That way corporations would make more profit because they would pay Chinese laborers to make the goods, Mexican laborers to transfer it from ships to trucks, and Mexican drivers to deliver it to their warehouses.

It is globalization gone wild. It would further destroy the standard of living in the United States, and finish off our middle class — and all without any consultation with the American people or their representatives in Congress. Congress must make it clear that this is illegal and unacceptable.

These trade agreements only benefit large international corporations at the expense of America and American workers. The current Plan D for Disaster program for prescription drugs for seniors is masquerading as part of Medicare.

It is nothing like Medicare. It is a subsidy for giant pharmaceutical companies and a boon for insurance companies. But it is a disaster for struggling seniors. The whole mess should be scrapped completely.

Instead, prescription drugs should be covered as a normal part of Medicare, just like x-rays, doctor visits, and surgery. In addition, the government should allow itself to negotiate with drug manufacturers for the lowest possible prices. That would save money for taxpayers.

Quid Pro Quo Politics: As your Congressman, I will fight for legislation to stop elected officials from working with lobbyists while in office and later becoming lobbyists when they leave office. Too many times they end-up working for and becoming very wealthy I might add and legislating for these large corporations who do not have the best interests of the American people in mind.

These politicians take money from big money interests and their K Street lobbyists, then turn around and vote on behalf of those interests. The result is that we have the best Congress money can buy. But if you look at how individuals vote and then look at who funded their campaign, who lined their pocket, and who took them on expensive junkets, you KNOW it has happened.

My votes will not be for sale. School of the Americas: The House voted to change its name, but not its mission. It is still training death squads in the techniques of torture, intimidation, and assassination. It must be closed and not reopened under any name. No President is above the law.

The President should not be allowed to sign a bill and at the same time say that he is not going to abide by it. Right now, this is by far our most regressive tax.

It is a heavy burden on workers and small businesses; but it is a free ride for the wealthy. Tax all income at the same rate. Make FICA a flat tax.

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