25 free spins at Ruby Slots Casino

Jerry Brown ended, but they agreed to negotiate through the weekend. Also, they are highly educated and hold Master and Doctoral degrees from ivy-league universities from all all-around the world. Not in at the moment e-adagio. Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said Tuesday that American forces were ready to act on any order by President Barack Obama to strike Syria in response to the alleged use of chemical weapons in the conflict. December 8, at 5:

Contributor Archives

Most problems can be avoided by keeping the fuel stored in air tight containers, away from sunlight, and filtering it as it goes into the heater tank, as well as basic routine monthly maintenance such as cleaning the fuel filter and air filter. Finally, given your questions, I would perhaps advise that you start out with just one heater first, and at the same time establish a local supply of fuel. Once your confidence in using these heaters grows, you can then add another heater at a later date.

Great blog- just bought my own inverter and am so happy not being so stressed as I was when I turned on the electric heaters. Seems really expensive in comparison to what you have posted especially as it looks like the price is dropping like mad and the market price is about 51 http: Any advice on if this is just the markup in fall or if I should keep looking?

Also, roughly how many litres during an average winter month do you use? I suspect that local competition in your area plays a part in this, or rather lack of competition and I would think that they are perhaps the only heating oil supplier in the area who has a self service pump for small quantities, perhaps you could try and persuade any other local heating oil brokers to invest in a pump on their premises?

The price of Kero may also be higher in the City than a rural area due to a lower number of properties using oil fired heating and requiring a regular bulk tank delivery. All that I can suggest is that you continue shopping around, perhaps widening your search area if you have the means to transport a container a further distance.

Although I appreciate that this is only possible if you have suitable transport and also the facilities to safely store a quantity of fuel. Suffice to say that the lowest prices do tend to be in areas with the biggest demand for Kerosene.

Hopefully as the interest and demand for these heaters continues, the competition will increase and the price of the kero will eventually fall everywhere as more and more fuel brokers recognise that there is a trend for consumers requiring smaller quantities of fuel.

There is a bit of good news however, even at 92p per litre it works out that you are paying about 9. Hopefully you will eventually find a supplier whose Kero prices are a little more realistic. On average, I used around 10 — 12 litres per week of standard Kero during the coldest period, this figure was the combined fuel usage of two heaters, one heater being used in the living area for around 5 hours per week-night, and 10 hours per weekend day, the other heater just being used for a 10 — 20 minute blast to warm up a bedroom prior to going to bed.

Thanks for the detailed reply- extremely useful. I will buy a small quanitity for now and keep looking! This is really a great option. Currently I am transporting it from my parents house in wales who have oil filred central heating — its not ideal. I live in South Staffs, and regularly travel to Birmingham. Thanks again for all the advice. Unfortunately my previous supplier has stopped selling Kero from the Pump and now only deliver in litre bulk deliveries to those with heating oil tanks.

I have since switched supplier and use a company in Cheadle, Staffordshire called Stoddards. Its a bit more of a trek, but I buy in 80 — litre batches from their pump, which last me for quite a few months. The current price is 72p a litre, which is more than I like to pay but it is slightly cheaper than 75p, and will do until I find another alternative source locally. One thing that I have found is if you build up a rapport with the supplier and keep going back to them over a period, they get to know you, and are a little bit more likely to give you a bit of a loyalty discount if you keep asking them for it!!

So be prepared to negotiate a little after you have given the supplier continuous business. Just one other thing which is worth a mention at this point.

If any UK based heating oil vendors who can supply small quantities of Kerosene for users of these heaters are reading this, then you are welcome to post a Free advert for your company here along with your business website url and contact details. This site currently gets around hits per month during the Winter Months and visits are growing on an annual basis, as is the popularity of these types of heater , so its a very effective form of targeted advertising and it costs nothing.

This same invitation also applies to users of these heaters, it would be good if you could also share your sources of Kerosene heating oil on this comments section too, in order to help other inverter heater owners in your area.

Great idea asking for a loyalty discount as I order more Kero over the Winter. Hopefully, a better chance of a loyalty discount! If its a fan blown Inverter Heater similar to the Corona Heater then it should work fine, there are several different clones of the Corona heaters sold all over the world, but they all use a similar format and design. The Fan based Inverter Heaters work completely differently using a type of small scale injection process rather than the old style wick, so they can be used with standard Kero.

Its worth remembering that Kerosene and Paraffin are just generic names for what is exactly the same fuel, and the Japanese who are the biggest consumers for these products run their heaters on Kerosene routinely, which is exactly the same fuel as we use in the UK for 28 second heating oil, so the manufacturers would be loosing a big chunk of their international market if they ever stopped the heaters from running on Kero!

Premium Paraffin, is just a big marketing ploy for what is slightly better refined Kerosene, the extra refining process removes most of the Aromatics, making it virtually odourless and more hence its more appealing when sold to fuel anything which is used indoors. Of course, premium fuel also comes with a premium price.

Another fuel that works very well with these heaters, is Jet-A1 which is used to fuel helicopters and light aircraft. This again, is just nicely refined Kerosene with a few additives to stop it icing at low temperatures. Unfortunately unless you live close to a small airfield, its beyond the reach of most people.

But I do know a few people who live close to small airfields with pay at the pump Jet A1 facilities, so they can just roll up with their containers, swipe their credit cards on the pump and then dispense as much as they like into their containers.

Whatever fuel you use, the only time that these heaters give out their distinctive Kerosene smell is when they first start up and again when they go through the shut down process, but its brief and will never pose much of an issue. Sorry for the late reply Huw. I get my Kerosene for 92 p -L in North London at a pump.

I have asked them for a cheaper price but they have refused. I suggest if you go there ask them as well. I will keep asking them and eventually the pressure will work. The name is Adams bottled gas.

Hi, I had the Inverter delivered from Italy last Wednesday. It did, and threw out a heck of a lot of heat! As you say, it smells only for a brief time when you start it up, and switches off.

I sat there with a fire extiguisher, just in case!!! It fired up beautifully, and has been working on kero ever since. I really hope it keeps going. Thanks again for the advice. Thanks for the feedback, its good to know that Kerosene is also working for you, and by switching from expensive Premium Paraffin to standard 28 second Kero, you will save a fortune. Its now three years since I made the switch myself, and both of my heaters still work just fine, with no ill effects to them or me, and I use them for my main heating in both a living room and bedroom.

But its use is optional, as I have no way of actually seeing whether there are any actual benefits in using it or not. I tend to use it occasionally, perhaps a couple of times a year just to clean it through. Kero Additives, just like the ones used in car fuel tanks can tread a fine line between being beneficial and snake oil so I try to be careful about what I recommend.

I am testing an additive at the moment which is supposed to be better for Kero fired boilers than just raw Kerosene alone, its slightly more expensive than Exocet but its a much bigger bottle, so it works out cheaper per litre of Kero than Exocet. You will get between 10kw and 11kw worth of heat from every litre of Kerosene burned. No additive will increase this output, despite any miracle claims which may be made by the manufacturer to the contrary, so any additive should be used with a view to keeping both the heater combustion chamber and its components cleaner between services, rather than increasing heat output!.

Thanks to the fact that they require no external flue, all of the heat goes into the room, rather than a large percentage escaping up a Chimney as is the case with a Boiler, Gasfire or woodburner.

Good link for traditional paraffin technology and spares is http: I would be quietly confident that the Tilley Lamp would run fine on 28 second heating oil, but not so sure about the other two.

However if you have already tried the stove on Paraffin then it could work on 28 second heating oil, but if you do decide to try it, just use a small amount at first. I have no intention of putting anything other than kerosene in it pulled from my central heating tank. Portable cheap safe heat. That would provide emergency heat during power cuts, or in a remote building, campervan etc. Of course it would mean bye bye warranty digging around in the electronics but would make them even more versatile.

Designed to heat a largish room it provides background heat to my 4 bed house for pennies, [and as much pure water as you could ever want]! My unit will not draw more than 1KW and can provide up to 5kw output. Thanks for taking the time to comment. The biggest problem would be the combustion chamber pre-heater element. Currently it is directly mains fed, and consumes around w — w v depending on the heater model. The consumption is only brief, as the heater element only serves to pre-heat the chamber, during the heater start up stage to aid ignition and start the initial combustion — and is usually energised for about 30 — 45 seconds.

However it would be difficult to replicate that heat source, in such a short period of time from a low voltage supply. There are also different voltage rails supplied to the control panel, some of them above 12v, so if you intended to use it from a 12v supply, you would need to use some kind of SMPS converter in order to boost the supply rails which are above 12v on the main control PCB. I imagine its possible to do all of this, but a question mark would hang over the cost, and the level of experience required to modify it to this level, and it is probably beyond all but the most experienced of Electronic enthusiasts!.

It would probably be easier to run it from an Inverter, of course it would have to be adequately rated in order to supply upto w at v, which would draw 70 Amps from the battery supply during the pre-heat stage. However, as I said before, this initial current only applies for the first minute that the heater is switched on to pre-heat the chamber, beyond that the continuous Electricity consumption hovers around 20W which is less than 2A from the 12v supply and would enable a reasonable amount of use from a heavy duty leisure battery.

Thanks for thinking that one through! I can see this being the last year I use my trusty paraffin heater, but it has served me very well for many years. Each situation is unique as not all properties are the same size, and require the same amount of heat. Also bear in mind that Electricity prices are set to rise over the coming five years, in order to cover the cost of the national Smart Meter roll out. Just to update the thread that Stoddards based in Cheadle, Staffs have just dropped their Kerosene heating oil from the pump prices — now down to 70p per litre.

Just turn up with your containers and self serve from their pump. Hi, Just to update you, the inverter is still working well on kerosene, using an orange Mr. Funnel to filter it. Thanks again for the advice! This foram could be very useful for me. I live in shepway, Kent. I rent a two bed detached property.

There is no gas. I am on key metre. So im paying stupid money. It is almost impossible to find nice affordable property around here. Now I know why it was reasonable. The electric heaters are not even storage. I have not dared to put them on.

I use my own oil filled ones. They take ages to heat my larger room to. My tennancy runs out in couple of months. Im thinking of moving. I would be happy to pay the costs to change from a pre payment metre if I could find a cheaper form of heating.

Someone mentioned parrafin heater to me on Monday. Now I want to get one or two. I was hoping one in my daughter bedroom might convect heat to the upper room,through the ceiling and up the stairs. So would you suggest the Italian one from eBay? Im also trying to source a local Fuel supplier. Oh and how long do they take to be delivered? I hate to think what it would cost if I was running convector or oil filled radiators now.

These are no more cheaper to run than the equivalent rated convector, fan heater or radiator, and a w heater will consume w of Electricity and cost the same to run, whether its a convector, fan heater, oil radiator or an old fashioned electric fire, and will all give out w worth of heat.

Oil Radiators do sometimes give the illusion that they are cheaper to run as they continue to emit heat, even when the Thermostat has clicked off, however when this happens you are just outputting heat which has already been paid for when the element was consuming power — its just that its first been transferred into oil as heat storage.

The Paraffin Inverter heaters will certainly save you money over your Electricity costs, especially when heating more than one room and replacing more than one electric heater of any kind. However they will only save you money when they are run on cheap domestic heating oil Kerosene. It may be worth googling or phoning around the heating oil brokers in your area to see whether any local ones will sell you Kero from the pump. Alternatively if you know or work with anybody who uses domestic oil fired central heating, then you could arrange to buy from them at cost, and pump it from their garden storage tank into containers, this way you can take advantage of using small quantities as you require, but still get the bulk price.

Self service kerosene prices vary from area to area, however they are generally more expensive in smaller quantities, hence why its more cost effective to try and buy from somebody with oil heating This way you can often get the oil for 50p — 55p per litre. Suffice to say that its probably a good idea to make sure you have found a supply of kerosene available locally before buying the heater s!. Large rooms are very difficult to heat, especially if they have a poor level of insulation and have a high ceiling.

When its really cold sub zero outside you may need to initially heat the larger room using both heaters, and then when its warmed up, move one of the heaters to the bedroom, leaving one in the living area to maintain the heat level.

It all depends on the room temperature when you return home, its possible that one may be enough but at least you will have the flexibility of using two in the large room if required, the best thing about these heaters is that they are just as portable as Electric Heaters, and can easily be moved from room to room if required.

Heat, of course does rise, and so any heat in the bedroom below the larger living room above will certainly take the chill off it, and help to build up the heat on a background level, But I think expecting one inverter heater to heat a bedroom and the upper room at this time of year would be wishful thinking, these heaters output 3kw watts worth of heat on their maximum setting, an average Bedroom requires around 1. So my advice would be to continue with your plan to buy two inverter heaters, one for the bedroom and one for the larger living area with the option to temporarily use both heaters in the living area should you wish to heat it quickly when its really cold outside.

Just a final point about using these heaters in a bedroom, they are fine for heating the room prior to going to bed I use one myself , or when using the bedroom to watch TV, kids doing homework etc, but just like any combustion heater such as Wood burners, Open Fires, Calor Gas Heaters etc, normal safety advice applies, i.

Electric Blankets are far more effective if being cold overnight is ever an issue, and cost very little to run. Some other tips which may also help. Also consider putting a small curtain over external doors to block draughts. If you decide to stay in the property, then you should still consider going ahead with your plans to replace the Prepayment Meter with a credit one, even if you use Paraffin Heaters for heat.

Just make sure you are getting a good price from whoever you change over to, otherwise it defeats the object paying to meter change!. Thanks so much for your advise. Am I right in thinking the cheaper Italian model has a timer on it?

The other advise was great too, electric blanket, light bulbs etc.. Thanks so much again. I will hopefully order these in the next couple of days. Once iv confirmed a heating oil supplier. Is it the same as the one linked at the top of the page. I just want to make sure I get a tried and tested model. I bought my cheaper heater at the start of from Brico Bravo, and its a model SRE , this seems to be the same model that they are selling at the moment on their current listing. Looking at an Italian translation of the Ebay listing, this current heater also has the 24h timer feature, which again confirms that its still the identical heater to the one which I have.

I believe that there is a place in Edenbridge which sells Heating Oil from the Pump, I have no idea how close this is to you, or the name of the Supplier but it may be worth shortlisting for further enquiries, if its close enough. Just a note for London people. I now get my kerosene at the pump at New Era in Barking. The current price Jan 15 is At rye oils on the pump kerosene is 70p litre.

Anyone know anything as cheap but closer to the folkestone area. Hi I just tried to order the brick bravo SRE on ebey. It say it cannot be posted to my region or country. Am I doing something wrong? Yes, unfortunately it seems that Brico Bravo have very recently the last week pulled the plug on selling outside of Italy. I have heard a rumour that this is possibly because one or more vendors of this heater have complained that they are not happy at being undercut in their own territories by Brico Bravo and so Brico are now only selling to local customers in their own Country Italy.

However it does stand as an obvious fact just by browsing through their other Auction listings , that Brico are happy to sell virtually everything else listed on their various auctions to the UK, except these Heaters, so clearly something has happened to single out this product, out of potentially hundreds which they sell!. Brico Sales, themselves are also giving conflicting reasons as to why they have decided to do this, at least, this was the case when another visitor here, contacted them.

All I can suggest is, that just like other potential customers, you first contact Brico via their Ebay listing simply to ask why they have suddenly decided to remove it from sale outside of Italy, and state that you are not happy with this decision as you were about to purchase 1 or 2 units from them. This is only a very recent u-turn in relation to Brico which was only brought to my attention by another blog visitor just the other day , I bought my heater from them back in , and have been promoting their auction page here ever since, so they have been selling them for at least the last Two years possibly longer.

In the meantime, until a time where Brico reverse their decision and begin selling to the rest of Europe again, or I find an alternative supplier this currently remains the cheapest source for the SRE Are you still considering going ahead with replacing your prepayment meter with a credit one and Direct Debit?

As a word to the wise, I would still avoid the big six energy suppliers and concentrate on one of the smaller independent suppliers. Regional prices and Consumption do vary and what is cheap for one consumer may not be competitive for another in a different area with a different usage pattern. But two Energy companies who are getting good reviews for both low prices and customer services are Extra Energy and Isupply, and if you wanted a fixed tariff then Eon and Scottish power are offering some good tariffs fixed until As usual, put your usage details into comparison sites to find the potential best deal for you, and try a few comparison sites, not just one!.

Even whilst you are stuck on Prepayment, its still worth checking to see if there is a better tariff for you, whilst you decide what to do. Again use the comparison sites. I read the other thread just before I saw your reply on here.

Thank you for a speedy response. I have sent bricobravo message. Simply stating my disappointment in not being able to by a quality product. I asked them if a multiple purchase would help them reconsider selling to the UK. I want two, Robert on here wants one, and who knows who else. I know that this type of thing is done with success on various forums and it may well work as a solution here. It seems that Brico Bravo have cited problems with delivery as the reason behind no longer shipping these heaters outside of Italy, on at least one occasion.

Given the risk and liability, would be transferred to me and my carrier at the point of collection from Brico, there should be no reason for Brico to refuse the offer — assuming of course shipping damage is the real reason behind the decision.

All they need to do is to pack the order and have it ready for collection at the loading bay of their warehouse. Because people are, quite rightly, concerned about buying Ad-Hoc from the internet, in order to protect everybody they would be listed as a dedicated auction on Ebay and linked to from this Blog — so we are all protected. However I will await the reply which you get from Brico Bravo before putting any further ideas forward. Utility warehouse charge me It is just a standard charge.

The daily standing charge is 23p. I switched to them when I moved in because it was slightly cheaper than EDF. A cash back card. They paid early redemption costs for me to move from Three. Apparently I am not in any sort of a contract with the utility warehouse, which is a nice change.

Sorry back on topic. I have a double gold package with the utility ware house. If i change my energy provider this will not be affected. This they hold for year depending on my track record. Im not pleased with this. Im going to see who wants me more and will charge less. I looked on a compare website. By estimating for a normal metre the smaller companies do come out better.

You are right Thanks again for advise. I would definitely be interested for two! If all is secure and relatively straight forward. But I do only have basic knowledge of it. Plus, if you eventually changed over to Kerosene heating, and made some other small energy saving changes, then your Electricity usage during the Winter months, would reduce quite significantly anyway.

Hi I just ordered this heater in the UK http: I have ordered some C1 paraffin to start with , has anyone any thought about mixing C1 with 28 sec Kero. Sort of as a halfway house as I am a little cautious about running it on just kero. Thanks for a great web site by the way. Thanks for taking the time to post on the blog and share your find.

However, if you want to protect your warranty, or are concerned about using anything but the recommended fuel in your heater, then I fully respect and encourage that. There are some quite good Electricity Tariffs around at the moment, and using one of those Tariffs to heat with, would generally work out cheaper than premium fuel burned in an Inverter Heater.

Of course it all depends on what you pay for your Premium fuel. It may be that you have other reasons for using this heater, other than saving money or reducing your overall heating costs. However, to make Inverter Heaters a more attractive option than conventional forms of heating, it really can only be done by using the cheaper domestic fuel — albeit accepting the risks and loss of manufacturers warranty.

Hi i have been reading this blog and thought i would let you know the reply i got from bricobravo when i asked them about posting inverter heaters to England. Basically the reply said that the postage charge would be 25 — 30 euros and that it was possible. I contacted them through their ebay listing in their own country.

If they are willing to post to England they might consider using ebay UK again but get in touch with them anyway if you want one. In relation to your second question regarding Kerosene. I believe that some Harvest Energy petrol stations also sell Kero too, it may be worth a call to any which are local, to see whether they can help. Hello my two zibro lc heaters arrived today. They are made by toyotomi. I got them online from energy bulbs. I nipped up to homebase, got 4ltrs c1 parrafin. But I just had to try them out until i get kerosene.

The starting room temp when I got in was 7c. Now I am bathing in 18c. My upstairs room is quite large with a high ceiling. With my very wasteful oil filled electric radiators I could still see my breath after 2 hours. Buy which time it was bed time. The next step is kerosene. Has anyone tried it with this model or make? Thanks to all involved on this website. Please keep us informed if you find this, or a similar heater for Sale at a lower price and I will update the page and replace the link accordingly.

Hi,Nice to see blog going strong. I asked a local supplier about ibc containers and told no probs delivering to one as long as its in good nick and not plumbed in to any heating system. I see compass fuels advertise delivering in one , preston area i think, on another note a couple weeks ago being curious i dragged an old aladdin wick heater out the shed and cleaned it all up, and filled with kero and it burned exellent ,nice blue flame ,i was surprised,not recomended?

Its a daft, yet at the same time, understandable philosophy, but again it depends on the individual delivery company and their policies. I do stand by my original advice on not using Kero for Wick Heaters, although C1 Paraffin and Kero are from the exact same family, C1 is more refined, and causes less soot particles to form, compared to Kero.

Individual experience in respect of Kero in wick type heaters will vary depending on the type of heater, how refined the Kero is, and how often its used, but again, its not something I personally promote due to problems encountered myself. Just a quick update on the sre inverter heater i bought last year. Funnel to filter the fuel, but not putting in any additives etc. Thanks for the valued advice last year admin. Let me just check that I have the correct place for the oil, is this A.

E Rodgers, at the side of Top Road which looks like its also a garage for servicing and repairing vehicles?. I just wanted to double check I had the right place before making a return journey.

I live just a few miles outside of Leek, so its very local to me, I work shifts so its just a matter of dropping in there on an Afternoon off, but thanks for the kind offer. It might be an idea for you to mention to the owner that they could do well to advertise their Heating Oil availability a bit more locally, as I was previously traveling over to Manchester for Kero before finding Stoddards, but finding out that there is a supplier who is just up the road is even better as I like to support local businesses.

Oh ok, I thought they were doing fuel retailing. But thanks for the information. I chose the inverter heater, due to the fact that its built in fan, warms an open plan room very quickly from cold, and the inverter heater is more like a paraffin fueled fan heater in that respect.

I live in an old cottage with stone walls and very little insulation, so in Winter the room temperature can be as low as 7c or 8c. Within about 25 minutes the Inverter Heater has warmed the room to about 18c, and it reaches 21c within about 45 minutes, so I just set the Electronic Timer to switch the heater on Automatically, around 30 minutes before I get in from work, and the room is nicely warm.

The Electronic Controls include a digital thermostat, so you can set the desired temperature, and once that temperature is reached the heater will automatically vary its heat output in real time, between w and w according to the changes in room temperature, this is similar to the manual valve adjustment that you describe, but the heater changes the heat output and fan speed automatically based on its environment, so if you need w to keep the room warm, then it will adjust itself to put out w worth of heat, if a door is opened and the temperature drops suddenly, then the heater will switch back to w until the room temperature is back up to the setting.

I find with my own heaters, that they will boost at full power up to about 19c — 20c, then reduce to about half power until 21c is reached, at which point they will switch down to their lowest setting w in order to keep the room at a steady 21c.

The biggest savings, are of course, for those switching to these types of heaters for the first time, as a replacement for more expensive Electric or LPG Heating. You get a short whiff of a Kerosene type smell when the heater first ignites, and then again when it is shut down, but it only lasts about a minute. I have several air bricks in the living area, but when running in the smaller bedroom, I either open the trickle vents on the window, or open the window just a tiny bit, as this is standard advice when running any heater without an external flue, including portable calor types.

I also have a battery operated CO2 detector for peace of mind, although in four years, this has never triggered and the Invertor heaters also have CO2 shutdown built in. I only get the dry throat with the older style fryside heater so put that away today for emergencies, now using the modern corona one,never had any trouble with that one , ive had it about 10 yearsnow but if it needs a new wick soon instead of buying one for about 20 odd pounds will buy a invertor, which is the best model in your opinion.

There is no import duty or vat to pay when buying goods from Italy. Generally there can just be subtle differences between the control layout and cosmetic appearance, or a company can produce two different tiers of product, one entry level product made out in China, and another premium product made in Japan, with a premium price to match. The world of Electronic Appliances is very similar to Cars, i. They both look identical in the pictures and description, however the SRE is the one I bought a few years ago.

Really useful information from peter on the use of modern wick heaters with kerosene. The inverter being sold on ebay by bricobravo appears to be a slightly different design from the one i bought last year…and only one sold so far!

One way of comparing the two fuels these days is by looking at the MSDS Datasheet, and there are subtle differences, but not enough to make any real difference in the application that we use the fuel in, the biggest difference between the two is largely down to the odour removing process used to produce the premium stuff, but that is only really noticed when burned in lamps.

But at the end of the Day, it is all Kerosene. Premium Kerosene, Regular Heating Oil Kerosene, even Jet A1 which is used in Helicoptors and Small light aircraft will all happily burn in our heaters and the MSDS for them will all show the same CAS number for the base fuel, its just the amount of refining which changes between the different fuels, and Premium Kerosene or Premium Paraffin is just higher graded Kero, which has gone through an additional refining process to remove a lot of the odour, and the extra refining removes a bit more sulphur — not that there is a lot of Sulphur in any fuel to start with, due to strict EU regulations since the mid 90s.

There are still places selling Paraffin, which is actually 28 second heating oil. Again, they are the same thing — Kerosene is basically the American word for what we know as Paraffin. They had several pumps side by side, dispensing everything from Industrial solvents and Red Diesel to Heating Oil and paraffin. What Peter has described is basically a domestic version of the odour removing process, filtering through Charcoal, I believe, removes a lot of the odour and is clearly a cheap and easy DIY method of making Odour reduced fuel from domestic heating oil without the silly prices of the pre packaged stuff and so is well worth trying.

I was just about to buy another sre from bricobravo on ebay, and realised that it is not the same ebay seller that I bought from last year. You are right to be cautious but I think you are worrying unnecessarily.

They also list an email address of helpdesk bricobravo. If nothing else the two different accounts would allow the various products to be listed with two different currencies and in two different languages.

This kind of heater can work with any type or brand of liquid fuel isoparaffin,it was on amazon under product description, mine should arrive this week,. The SRE has various modes of operation, you can leave it set at the desired temperature, and once that temperature is reached, the heater will switch down to its lowest heat output w but run continuously at a low fan speed keeping a low level of back ground heat which should hopefully keep the room at the set temperature, however it will automatically switch itself back up to a higher heat and fan output if the room should cool significantly below the set temperature.

This is the mode that you have it set on at the moment. I suppose you have to try each mode to see what works best for you, as every building is different. Hmmm, looks like the Ebay listing for the Inverters have now been removed although all of their other listings, for hundreds of other products remain, I guess the whole problem from last year has arisen again — I had a feeling that it would.

Looks like you were right to buy when you did Peter. Once these paraffin heaters start up, I understand that you need a continuous supply of electricity to run the fan.

Where we live, power outages are common. Would it be possible to hook up the paraffin heater to a UPS so when our power goes down, the UPS would supply the energy to run the fan? However you may like to size the UPS accordingly to at least va — va, just in case you need to start the heater from cold during a power failure.

I have friends who use an inverter heater in a caravan — powered from a 12v leisure battery and mains inverter, obviously there is a much higher capacity available from a large leisure battery but the UPS principle is the same, and their heater runs perfectly fine from this configuration.

The air quality is normal as well where i use to worry on the other model i had but that never smelt either. I can not see any benefit by doing that only to save fuel and no heating hardly.

Having just measured roughly what my SRE uses, using a glass measuring beaker, I can say that on its highest setting, running continuously it used approx ml, whilst on its lowest setting, again running continuously, it consumed a little over ml. These are slightly higher figures than the manual, which state 0. That said, even at my own measured consumption of ml per hour on the minimum setting, you should still get 40 hours of running time from the 4 Litre Tank if you are using nothing but the minimum setting, give or take an hour or so.

The figures that you are giving, indicate that the heater is running on its highest setting, and therefore consuming ml — ml of fuel per hour.

This would give roughly 13 — 16 hours of running from the 4 litres in the Tank which is in the same ball park to the number of hours from a tank that you have found in practice. Which would currently work out at around 30 — 35 hours from a 4 Litre tank, using a mixture of High and Low settings. You mention that the heater is able to reach the selected temperature of 21c even when running on its minimum setting?. I suspect that for some reason, the heater is still running on its highest setting, which would confirm the number of hours that you are seeing from the 4 litres in the tank.

It might be worth, using a room size heat calculator entering in the actual room dimensions in order to actually work out how many KW of heat your room requires in order to heat it. You will get around 10KW worth of actual heat output, from every Litre of Kero burned in these heaters, so a room which requires 3kw per hour of heat energy input, would be heated for just over 3 hours using 1 litre of Kero. The temperature of a room is a personal choice, some people are warm enough at 18c, others need the heating set at 25c.

The idea of any thermostat is to set it at the lowest setting which is the most comfortable, this gives an ideal balance of saving money whilst keeping warm. If in doubt, set the temperature to 18c or 19c, when this temperature is reached if you still feel cold, then increase it in 1c stages until the point where the room temperature feels comfortable.

I have been using an Investors in my home office for 10 years without fault but recently it has developed an E7 fault. It was brilliant but had one fault. It would come on at full output for 20 mins before settling down to the temperature settings. This meant that I had to leave the door open for the first 20 mins otherwise it would overheat and cut out. Is this a common feature in all inverter heaters? I imagine that they are few and far between and only issued to Authorised Dealers even if they exist outside of the manufacturer at all.

They look something like the component on the link below, and there may be one or more of them inside the heater to sense the running temperature and are designed to break the circuit and stop the heater if a certain temperature is exceeded. Usually they will be mounted on the internal metal work somewhere, either on the case, or on metal fittings close to the burner chamber. On mine, its on top of the burner chamber outer skin. Sometimes they have a small red or white button on them, which, if the temperature reaches an upper level, they will click out and open the circuit, requiring the button to be manually pushed back in to reset it.

On other models they may be designed to reset automatically, but if the heater has been frequently overheating, it may have failed internally, and the circuit left open. The other thing to do also, is to check any internal fuses, on the PCB inside the heater, if you have not done so already.

The manual indicates that there are two 5a fuses inside the heater. Does the heater actually ignite and run, prior to the E7 fault? I suspect that its down to the design, as these heaters are made to heat rooms up to m3 — in fact the manual for the UK advises a minimum room size of 67m3 — how does that compare with the size of the room where it is being used?.

I think a good feature for these heaters which seems to be lacking on the 3kw and 3. My SRE does have the facility to manually select the minimum setting, but that only gives the option of low w or w high and nothing inbetween until it reaches the set temperature, and w is not enough to heat a room from cold. For example, if I set the temperature to 30C, its fan goes faster and produces noticeably more heat than with its temperature very low, e.

I assume this is what the watts refers to as its maximum heat output is not as strong as when on the Auto setting. I did a test run this morning, which also gives an idea of how quickly it heats up this chilly room and had it set at 30C to force it to run at maximum output. When I lowered the temperature at Before I got my heater, I initially wondered about potential health issues, but then realised that workshop heaters run on ordinary kerosene and some are rated at over 40kW which only run at full power.

The Zibro units proved to be a fine alternative but the output could not be regulated down much, so they would run hot at 2. This is even more of a problem as I live on a busy road and traffic noise becomes a big issue by leaving a window open. Having read the reviews and advice given in this blog I decided to invest in a couple of these inverter units instead. The kerosene whiff compared to my Zibro wick units is virtually non-existent.

I am still concerned that by using the filtered heating oil, the electronics will eventually start messing around but I take heart from posts made on this blog to the affect that some have been running for years without an issue. Therefore if a unit packed in after this time from running on heating oil then so-be-it, just replace it…but I would hope and expect to get a few more years out of them.

I honestly think that the key to the longevity of these heaters is regular servicing and preventative maintenance, and unlike a gas fire or boiler, all servicing on these heaters can be done legally by the owner with only basic DIY knowledge and tools. The other advantage being that the standard heating oil price varies depending on the market prices, whilst the Premium Fuel remains at the same price, despite huge cost reductions of oil throughout the industry.

Hi i have been running my inverter heater on paraffin for the past 2 years since i got it mainly because i could not find a supply of heating oil close by. I am sure you can imagine my delight when i finally found somewhere that sells heating oil from a pump with a current price of only 35 ppl, a saving of 59p 0n a litre is a serious saving so i got 80 litres yesterday. Now for my main reason for posting. As i said until now i have used only paraffin in my heater and reading this blog i see it is recommended to filter heating oil before using it in the heaters so is it just a Mr funnel that you use or some other form of filtering?

Hi, Thanks for taking the time to comment. When fuel is stored in large metal tanks, as the level of fuel drops, the increasing airspace above it can create condensation which drops into the fuel. The Mr Funnel was the only filter I found that could separate out any water as well as filter out dirt passing through it, but if you can find a filter with the same properties, then there is no reason not to use it.

Thanks for your reply admin. Better to be safe than sorry so i have ordered a Mr Funnel off ebay. It should arrive on Thursday so i hope there is enough fuel left in the tank to last me till then or maybe just be very careful and take a few litres from the top of the drum to avoid getting any water hopefully. Great article, but you should not use standard home kerosene in these heaters. There is special C1 grade kerosene for this purpose with no smell and little sulphur in the fumes.

After almost six years of doing this, both my heaters still work, and I still have good health. The key, is to ensure plenty of ventilation into the room when using any kind of combustable fuel based heater, and that also applies when running on premium paraffin!. Unfortunately, running these heaters on premium fuel makes them unattractive cost wise, after all you need a mains Electricity outlet to run this kind of heater in the first place, and ironically the Electricity works out cheaper to plug in a portable electric heater than it does to buy premium fuel to run the heater on.

Before I changed over to using the inverter heaters for my home heating, I spent a lot of time working out the costs and the only way I could get these heaters to save me money — quite a bit of money on my bills was to use ordinary heating oil in them.

Besides, the heaters are running fine on it. I do however see a BIG difference in my pocket, the heating oil i am using cost me 35p a litre and the cheapest premium paraffin i can find is Funny how the manufacturers put that on the tank and the people that retail them say to use only premium paraffin.

My heater is a inverter model, it would be interesting to know if anyone else has that stamped on the fuel tank of thier heater and yes it is the original fuel tank in my heater. When you think that heating oil is currently 35p a litre, that works out at about 3. However if you were paying 94p per Litre for Premium Fuel, that would increase to 9. Hi admin and thanks for your reply. The premium paraffin at 94p per litre was from a garden centre and not pre packaged, they have a pump and you need to take your own container.

I live in a static caravan and the gas heater in it was pretty much useless so i ripped it out and installed a wood burner for when it gets really cold but it is too much when it is above about 8 to 10 degrees outside, that is when my inverter heater comes in.

It is also very useful to put on a timer for the mornings so it is warm when i get up. I really did want to make a post to point out the mistakes that they were making with what they said but i was not prepared to register an account just to make one reply to some incorrect information.

OK rant over and i am sorry if i stepped out of line with what this thread is about. I was a lot younger and lighter then! Generally, nothing is given as an example of why, or any experience and effort used to describe how they have formed that opinion. Regular maintenance saves money and smoke and carbon monoxide detectors save lives. But yes, there are people who will twist that advice or take the issue too far and see problems in what others are doing, but at the same time also have to embellish it to suit and add a bit of shock and awe into the mix.

Sadly though, a lot of them are spending well over the odds by doing so, and since this blog is all about saving money on heating, it is always pointed out to them, along with an average calculation proving why!.

To be fair, I stopped defending the point on MSE a year or so ago, life is too short and its easier to just agree to disagree and move on!. I rang the firm who supplied it and they say it is exactly the same. I thought the Toyosan was made in Japan. Should I send it back? However I cannot comment on whether they share the same design, and internal components as I have not had the opportunity to do a tear down of each one. Interestingly, I have come across a Zibro heater which contained a Tayosan circuit board, so certainly it seems that components are shared across brands.

At this price though, running a cheap Electric fan or convector Heater on a competitive electricity tariff will probably cost about the same Kerosene heating oil is course a lot cheaper, but it is difficult to find outside of rural areas in small quantities.

I will keep looking and update here in the next few days if I find anything. I have the Inverter which works great. I need to run my Inverter at max and have got through 16 litres of parafin in about 14 hours which is currently unaffordable for me.

I bought another inverter more recently kero branded and this seems to burn cleaner than the older one, and seems to be slightly more economical. Feels like a colder winter this year!

Thanks again for the advice over the last 2 years. After reading this page and digging into any safety aspects I could find out about and finding they are perfectly safe I got myself a 3kw inverter heater for the cats. Living in West Wales we know about about it getting cold here ;. Currently we pay 29p a litre for Kero28 as we get it delivered in bulk for our main household oil tank 2, litre so getting hold of oil is no problem.

The savings on heating for my cats have been amazing to say the least. Brilliant write up and very much appreciated: I am pleased to say that although they no longer do the SRE, they do the SRE which is exactly the same, the only difference being a child lock feature added; price being Euros. I contacted them directly through their website about shipping to the UK and was pleased that they were happy to do this for a further 35 Euros.

She communicates in perfect English. Momentarily setting the room temperature higher so the fan kicks in seems to clear the problem, but again, this is just a temporary solution. Has anyone ever had this problem or know if there is any jumper on the PCB which causes a factory reset?

I currently pay Plus I run all my heavy use appliances washing machine, tumble drier, dishwasher overnight at the cheaper rate. This is not an ideal situation, but at least by repeating this process it allows for the heater to be useable. I live in the countryside like most people on here, but I just moved from the suburbs of London a month ago, where I lived in a gas central heated semi. It was blissfully warm.

The oven, hob and shower are electric. Basically I have figured out that if I wanted to be cozy and warm here and not care about my consumption, I would probably use a 47kg gas bottler per week. So now I also find myself on a cheaper heating quest. If I owned this flat, then without delay I would install an Wood Burner, as I have access to heaps of fuel here. Then someone told me he had an inverter heater and said he loved it, and my quest brings me here.

I have a few things I would like to be sure of or clarify though. So firstly I would like to be sure on the correct size of Inverter heater I should buy for my needs. My living room is the largest room and measures 5 x 4. Single glazed and is in a poorly insulated loft flat. Will 3kw be enough?

I was thinking to place it in the doorway, so that it has plenty of fresh air from the kitchen, landing and stairs, and maybe some of the heat will take the chill from these areas.?. If this is true, and I run a 3kw inverter on full power for 8hrs, how much will it cost? I have managed to figure out how much it costs for 8 hours every evening to run my electric, 2. It works just fine in the tiny bedroom.

I would like to completely switch off my gas heating and only use the propane for hot water, which I mostly use for washing dishes once a day. If I can do this, then I think I can make a bottle last at least 6 weeks, maybe longer.

As you are probably aware, when you write a blog its a good idea to include every situation and not just expect that everybody else is in exactly the same as your own. I refer of course to pre-payment customers, which in the UK are around 5. Sadly you have forgotten to include them in your list of tariffs, but often these prepayment customers are prevented from changing to a credit meter due to a debt with their supplier, their credit situation or their tenancy agreements.

I can tell you from personal experience, that when such a block or term in a tenancy agreement is reported nobody is interested, and when I eventually did find somebody to take an interest, I was then told it would take around 18 months to be reviewed as such Tenant — Landlord disputes over Meters is not considered a priority. Which is nothing close to what you are paying, but then again I suspect that you are comparing credit tariff with prepayment.

If you can find a better tariff than the one on the screenshot, then please do share the info!. So on your next visit could you please post up the missing information? On the plus side, you could still be saving quite a significant amount of money by changing to an inverter heater.

My last supply of Heating Oil was priced at 47p per litre, which equates to 4. Even as a standard tariff credit customer today, I still use these heaters in two rooms, as its still much cheaper than using a convector heater, and even 9. So on that basis, you simply divide the litre cost of the heating oil by a factor of 10, in order to get the per KW running cost of the inverter heater on fuel. Based on your description, and poor insulatation I would recommend that you consider a larger 4kw inverter heater for your flat, but also bear in mind that these heaters automatically regulate their power output as the room temperature increases, so once the room is warm the heater will no longer be running at its full 4kw power, it will vary its output accordingly in response to how warm the room is, and when it does reduce its heat output, its fuel consumption will obviously reduce also.

I think it would be very unlikely that a 4kw inverter heater will need to be running at the full 4kw output for the entire 8 hours that you are using it, However, for peace of mind lets look at a worst case situation and just assume it does consume its full 4kw constantly for an 8 hour period non stop, and never reduces its output.

Also, why are you heating an entire room whilst you are asleep?. Modern Electric Blankets have several safety features which make them perfectly safe for overnight use, it will also use a fraction of the Energy that your radiator uses, roughly W for a double Electric Blanket compared to W for the radiator, andon an E7 tariff the Blanket would consume about 8p worth of Electricity per night or possibly less depending on your off peak tariff.

I would also get a time switch to switch on the radiator in the bedroom for 60 — 90 minutes before you normally awake, so the room is warm when you get up. Putting the heater in front of a door which is just slightly ajar should be enough for ventilation rather than leaving the door wide open.

I used to move my heaters around, to where I needed to be at the time, including just putting the heater at the door of the bathroom and blasting it at full power for 5 minutes warmed the bathroom for long enough to have a shower etc. I would also boil a kettle to do the washing up, as it will probably be cheaper than using the Propane. Thanks for the help with calculating the running costs. Thats really helpful, and the advise regarding electric blankets is brilliant, it never even entered my head to buy one.

Is there any particular brand I should go for? Actually, your idea of making the bed warm rather heating the who room, reminds me of sleeping in my old van and camper van. The van had not been insulated or even boarded out properly, so the cold metal used to throw the cold down on my head to an extent where sometimes it hurt.

In my attempts to reduce this I discovered why people had Four Poster Beds in the day, if they could afford them, so I created a tent around me inside the van. It was much better. Coupled with an electric blanket, it should be super cozy. Do Coronas have Corona badges? I know I should be looking at 4kw heaters but the prices seem all over the place. Some less powerful models going for higher prices than more powerful ones and some being sold with free goodies.

I really detest shopping for a costly item, only to find out I bought it from the wrong place or payed too much, or it ends up be unsuitable. Its nearly as bad as being cold. DiO have a 4. I have looked at the Brico eu eBay site and they have a 4. I understand you have one of the SRE models and rate them. I hope its not over the top. There are 3kw Inverters being sold in Italy for euros.

Not from Brico bravo I might ad. Hi Admin, I understand your comments and I think my post was more to indicate that not all electricity suppliers charge three times their standard rate for on peak electricity. I did also check prices for pre-payment meters and found E7 prices of 6p off peak and Electricity is an expensive way to heat a home so I appreciate your efforts to highlight alternatives, this is how I arrived at your site in the first place.

My concern, is that given the room size and poor insulation, that a 3kw or 3. In comparison, a 4kw heater should heat the room, then adjust its output once the temperature has been reached, saving fuel, whilst the 3.

The good thing with buying a bigger heater than you think you need, is that if it gets too hot then you can always turn it down, whilst if the 3. If you use the inverter heater as your main source of heat and use an Electric Blanket to heat the bed instead of an Electric Heater to heat the room, then you will recoup that cost back very quickly — perhaps not by the end of this Winter, but quite possibly by the end of next, I doubt any other form of portable heating will pay its outlay back so quickly.

England, which was bidding to host its second tournament, was eliminated in the first round. The voting results were as follows: They claimed that four members of the executive committee had requested bribes to vote for England, and Sepp Blatter had said that it had already been arranged before the vote that Russia would win.

Eckert instead released a shorter revised summary, and his and therefore FIFA's reluctance to publish the full report caused Garcia to resign in protest. Of the 32 nations qualified to play at the FIFA World Cup, 20 countries competed at the previous tournament in Both Iceland and Panama qualified for the first time, with the former becoming the smallest country in terms of population to reach the World Cup.

Egypt, returning to the finals after their last appearance in ; Morocco, who last competed in ; Peru, returning after ; and Senegal, competing for the second time after reaching the quarter-finals in Notable countries that failed to qualify include four-time champions Italy for the first time since , three-time runners-up and third placed in the Netherlands for the first time since , and four reigning continental champions: The other notable qualifying streaks broken were for Ghana and Ivory Coast , who had both made the previous three tournaments.

The draw was held on 1 December at Pot 1 contained the hosts Russia who were automatically assigned to position A1 and the best seven teams, pot 2 contained the next best eight teams, and so on for pots 3 and 4. However, teams from the same confederation still were not drawn against each other for the group stage, except that two UEFA teams could be in each group.

Initially, each team had to name a preliminary squad of 30 players but, in February , this was increased to Players in the final squad may be replaced for serious injury up to 24 hours prior to kickoff of the team's first match and such replacements do not need to have been named in the preliminary squad. For players named in the player preliminary squad, there was a mandatory rest period between 21 and 27 May , except for those involved in the UEFA Champions League Final played on 26 May.

On 29 March , FIFA released the list of 36 referees and 63 assistant referees selected to oversee matches. VAR operations for all games are operating from a single headquarters in Moscow, which receives live video of the games and are in radio contact with the on-field referees. VAR had a significant impact in several games. Russia proposed the following host cities: The bid evaluation report stated: Three of the 16 stadiums would be renovated, and 13 would be newly constructed.

In October , Russia decreased the number of stadiums from 16 to Construction of the proposed Podolsk stadium in the Moscow region was cancelled by the regional government, and also in the capital, Otkrytiye Arena was competing with Dynamo Stadium over which would be constructed first. The final choice of host cities was announced on 29 September The number of cities was further reduced to 11 and number of stadiums to 12 as Krasnodar and Yaroslavl were dropped from the final list.

Sepp Blatter stated in July that, given the concerns over the completion of venues in Russia, the number of venues for the tournament may be reduced from 12 to He also said, "We are not going to be in a situation, as is the case of one, two or even three stadiums in South Africa , where it is a problem of what you do with these stadiums". They were satisfied with the progress.

Of the twelve venues used, the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow and the Saint Petersburg Stadium — the two largest stadiums in Russia — were used most, both hosting seven matches. Sochi, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod and Samara all hosted six matches, including one quarter-final match each, while the Otkrytiye Stadium in Moscow and Rostov-on-Don hosted five matches, including one round-of match each.

Volgograd, Kaliningrad, Yekaterinburg and Saransk all hosted four matches, but did not host any knockout stage games. Base camps were used by the 32 national squads to stay and train before and during the World Cup tournament. Costs continued to balloon as preparations were underway. Platov International Airport in Rostov-on-Don was upgraded with automated air traffic control systems, modern surveillance, navigation, communication, control, and meteorological support systems.

Saransk Airport received a new navigation system; the city also got two new hotels, Mercure Saransk Centre Accor Hotels and Four Points by Sheraton Saransk Starwood Hotels as well as few other smaller accommodation facilities. The last facility commissioned was a waste treatment station in Volgograd. In Yekaterinburg, where four matches are hosted, hosting costs increased to over 7.

Preference, especially in the key areas, was given to those with knowledge of foreign languages and volunteering experience, but not necessarily to Russian nationals.

Free public transport services were offered for ticketholders during the World Cup, including additional trains linking between host cities, as well as services such as bus service within them. The full schedule was announced by FIFA on 24 July without kick-off times, which were confirmed later. Russia was placed in position A1 in the group stage and played in the opening match at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow on 14 June against Saudi Arabia , the two lowest-ranked teams of the tournament at the time of the final draw.

The Krestovsky Stadium in Saint Petersburg hosted the first semi-final on 10 July and the third place play-off on 14 July.

The opening ceremony took place on Thursday, 14 June , at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, preceding the opening match of the tournament between hosts Russia and Saudi Arabia. Former Brazilian World Cup-winning striker Ronaldo walked out with a child wearing a Russia shirt. English pop singer Robbie Williams then performed two songs before he and Russian soprano Aida Garifullina performed a duet while other performers emerged, dressed in the flags of all 32 teams and carrying a sign bearing the name of each nation.

Dancers were also present. Competing countries were divided into eight groups of four teams groups A to H. Teams in each group played one another in a round-robin basis, with the top two teams of each group advancing to the knockout stage. Ten European teams and four South American teams progressed to the knockout stage, together with Japan and Mexico. For the first time since , Germany reigning champions did not advance past the first round. For the first time since , no African team progressed to the second round.

For the first time, the fair play criteria came into use, when Japan qualified over Senegal due to having received fewer yellow cards. Only one match, France v Denmark, was goalless. Until then there were a record 36 straight games in which at least one goal was scored. All times listed below are local time. The ranking of teams in the group stage was determined as follows: In the knockout stages, if a match is level at the end of normal playing time, extra time is played two periods of 15 minutes each and followed, if necessary, by a penalty shoot-out to determine the winners.

If a match went into extra time, each team was allowed to make a fourth substitution, the first time this had been allowed in a FIFA World Cup tournament.

Twelve own goals were scored during the tournament, doubling the record of six set in In total, only four players were sent off in the entire tournament, the fewest since A player is automatically suspended for the next match for the following offences: The following awards were given at the conclusion of the tournament.

The award was sponsored by Hyundai. FIFA also published an alternate team of the tournament based on player performances evaluated through statistical data.

Prize money amounts were announced in October The tournament logo was unveiled on 28 October by cosmonauts at the International Space Station and then projected onto Moscow's Bolshoi Theatre during an evening television programme.

Russian Sports Minister Vitaly Mutko said that the logo was inspired by "Russia's rich artistic tradition and its history of bold achievement and innovation", and FIFA President Sepp Blatter stated that it reflected the "heart and soul" of the country. The official mascot for the tournament was unveiled 21 October , and selected through a design competition among university students. A public vote was used to select from three finalists—a cat, a tiger, and a wolf.

The first phase of ticket sales started on 14 September , The general visa policy of Russia did not apply to participants and spectators, who were able to visit Russia without a visa right before and during the competition regardless of their citizenship. A Fan-ID was required to enter the country visa-free, while a ticket, Fan-ID and a valid passport were required to enter stadiums for matches. Fan-IDs also granted World Cup attendees free access to public transport services, including buses, and train service between host cities.

Fan-ID was administered by the Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media , who could revoke these accreditations at any time to "ensure the defence capability or security of the state or public order".

The official match ball of the World Cup group stage was " Telstar 18 ", based on the name and design of the first Adidas World Cup ball from It was introduced on 9 November After the group stage, "Telstar Mechta" was used for the knockout stage. The word mechta Russian: The difference between Telstar 18 and Mechta is the red details on the design. Its music video was released on 8 June Thirty-three footballers who are alleged to be part of the steroid program are listed in the McLaren Report.

The choice of Russia as host has been challenged. Controversial issues have included the level of racism in Russian football, [] [] [] and discrimination against LGBT people in wider Russian society. Allegations of corruption in the bidding processes for the and World Cups caused threats from England's FA to boycott the tournament.

Garcia , a US attorney, to investigate and produce a report on the corruption allegations. Eckert's summary cleared Russia and Qatar of any wrongdoing, but was denounced by critics as a whitewash. On 3 June , the FBI confirmed that the federal authorities were investigating the bidding and awarding processes for the and World Cups. In response to the March poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal , British Prime Minister Theresa May announced that no British ministers or members of the royal family would attend the World Cup, and issued a warning to any travelling England fans.

The British Foreign Office and MPs had repeatedly warned English football fans and "people of Asian or Afro-Caribbean descent" travelling to Russia of "racist or homophobic intimidation, hooligan violence and anti-British hostility". At the close of the World Cup Russia was widely praised for its success in hosting the tournament, with Steve Rosenberg of the BBC deeming it "a resounding public relations success" for Putin, adding, "The stunning new stadiums, free train travel to venues and the absence of crowd violence has impressed visiting supporters.

Russia has come across as friendly and hospitable: All the foreign fans I have spoken to are pleasantly surprised. FIFA President Gianni Infantino stated, "Everyone discovered a beautiful country, a welcoming country, that is keen to show the world that everything that has been said before might not be true. A lot of preconceived ideas have been changed because people have seen the true nature of Russia.

The elimination of the US national team in qualifying led to concerns that US interest and viewership of this World Cup would be reduced especially among "casual" viewers interested in the US team , especially noting how much Fox paid for the rights, and that US games at the World Cup peaked at During a launch event prior to the elimination, Fox stated that it had planned to place a secondary focus on the Mexican team in its coverage to take advantage of their popularity among US viewers factoring Hispanic and Latino Americans.

Fox stated that it was still committed to broadcasting a significant amount of coverage for the tournament. In February , Ukrainian rightsholder UA: PBC stated that it would not broadcast the World Cup.