Eat Less CRAP – Eat More FOOD

Eight then becomes the point, and the dealer will indicate this by placing a marker on the number 8. Smoking and using alcohol can dehydrate the body. On one such table, an additional one-roll prop bet was offered: Close Report this post? Believe it or not, some cities have issues with the home composting of food scraps. Rice is a top food to aid in digestion and is especially powerful at helping with cramps.

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You can purchase a food scrap pail designed specifically to securely store food scraps. Look for one with a tight-fitting lid, adequate storage, aesthetic appeal, washable, and with a handle. You can also use a plastic container, such as a 1-quart yogurt container for small quantities of scraps. Empty your containers daily or every few days, depending upon how much waste you generate, or to insure that no smell starts permeating the kitchen or home.

You can always cover the scraps inside a container with a wet paper towel or newspaper to cut down on odor or gnats. You can decide to empty your kitchen food scrap pail directly into your compost bin. This method is known as the Add-as-You-Go Pile , as thoroughly described on this website. Better yet is to use a gallon lidded bucket to stockpile food scraps, as detailed below. A Food Scrap Bucket is simple to locate. Just look for a gallon bucket at your local hardware store. Some food establishments or wholesalers have some as well.

A good way to keep fruit flies or gnats from sneaking into the bucket is to line the lid with newspaper. This also cuts down on odors seeping out. Have nearby a small pail of finished compost, peat moss, sawdust, rock dust, leaf mulch or humus good soil. Then, scoop a trowel full of the material and sprinkle it on the top of the newly-added food scraps. This small compost bin is touted to be able to compost any form of food scrap, including the DON'Ts such as meat, fats, etc.

The manufacturer purports that inside its sealed container notice no air vents , a tremendous amount of heat builds up to quickly decompose the material. Is used a lot in other countries. Soil Incorporation Trench Composting. The premise is simple: BURY your food waste and yard waste , if allowed in your municipality.

Just dig a trench about inches deep 30cm , throw in the items, chop and mix with soil, then cover with remaining soil.

In a few months the rotted material will have been incorporated into the soil and you can plant above them. Similar to Soil Incorporation. Just dump the food scraps into the raised-bed and dig them into the soil deeply so that no scavengers can get to them. Oh, but wait a minute. Don't you want to cover it with some BROWN layer to keep the fruit flies and gnats and rodents and other creatures away?

In this picture, the bin is made out of pallets. The problem is that the bin is easily accessible by rodents who wiggle through the chicken-wire and the gaps in the wooden sides. A player may increase any corresponding odds up to the table limit behind the Pass line at any time after a point is established. Players may only bet the pass line on the come out roll when no point has been established, unless the casino allows put betting where the player can bet Pass line or increase an existing Pass line bet whenever desired and may take odds immediately if the point is already on.

A don't pass bet is a bet for the shooter to lose "seven out, line away" and is almost the opposite of the pass line bet. Like the Pass bet, this bet must be at least the table minimum and at most the table maximum. The don't pass bet is a no-contract bet.

After a point is established, a player may take down or reduce a don't pass bet and any corresponding odds at any time because odds of rolling a 7 before the point is in the player's favor. Once taken down or reduced, however, the don't pass bet may not be restored or increased.

Because the shooter must have a line bet the shooter generally may not reduce a don't pass bet below the table minimum. In Las Vegas , a majority of casinos will allow the shooter to move the bet to the pass line in lieu of taking it down, however in other areas such as Pennsylvania and Atlantic City , this is not allowed.

Even though players are allowed to remove the don't pass line bet after a point has been established, the bet cannot be turned "Off" without being removed. If a player chooses to remove the don't pass line bet, he or she can no longer lay odds behind the don't pass line. The player can, however, still make standard lay bets on any of the point numbers 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, There are two different ways to calculate the odds and house edge of this bet. The table below gives the numbers considering that the game ends in a push when a 12 is rolled, rather than being undetermined.

Betting on don't pass is often called "playing the dark side", and it is considered by some players to be in poor taste, or even taboo, because it goes directly against conventional play, winning when most of the players lose. If a 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10 is thrown on the come-out roll i. This additional bet wins if the point is rolled again before a 7 is rolled the point is made and pays at the true odds of 2-to-1 if 4 or 10 is the point, 3-to-2 if 5 or 9 is the point, or 6-to-5 if 6 or 8 is the point.

Unlike the pass line bet itself, the pass line odds bet can be turned "Off" not working , removed or reduced anytime before it loses. In Las Vegas, generally odds bets are required to be the table minimum. In Atlantic City and Pennsylvania, the combine odds and pass bet must be table minimum so players can bet the minimum single unit on odds depending on the point.

If the player requests the pass odds be not working "Off" and the shooter sevens-out or hits the point, the pass line bet will be lost or doubled and the pass odds returned. Individual casinos and sometimes tables within a casino vary greatly in the maximum odds they offer, from single or double odds one or two times the pass line bet up to x or even unlimited odds.

A variation often seen is "X Odds", where the maximum allowed odds bet depends on the point: This rule simplifies the calculation of winnings: As odds bets are paid at true odds, in contrast with the pass line which is always even money, taking odds on a minimum pass line bet lessens the house advantage compared with betting the same total amount on the pass line only.

A maximum odds bet on a minimum pass line bet often gives the lowest house edge available in any game in the casino. However, the odds bet cannot be made independently, so the house retains an edge on the pass line bet itself. If a player is playing don't pass instead of pass, they may also lay odds by placing chips behind the don't pass line.

If a 7 comes before the point is rolled, the odds pay at true odds of 1-to-2 if 4 or 10 is the point, 2-to-3 if 5 or 9 is the point, or 5-to-6 if 6 or 8 is the point. Typically the maximum lay bet will be expressed such that a player may win up to an amount equal to the maximum odds multiple at the table.

If a player lays maximum odds with a point of 4 or 10 on a table offering five-times odds, he would be able to lay a maximum of ten times the amount of his Don't Pass bet. At 5x odds table, the maximum amount the combined bet can win will always be 6x the amount of the Don't Pass bet. Players can bet table minimum odds if desired and win less than table minimum.

Like the Don't Pass bet the odds can be removed or reduced. Unlike the don't pass bet itself, the don't pass odds can be turned "Off" not working. In Las Vegas generally odds bets are required to be the table minimum.

In Atlantic City and Pennsylvania, the combine lay odds and Don't Pass bet must be table minimum so players may bet as little as the minimum two units on odds depending on the point. If the player requests the don't pass odds to be not working "Off" and the shooter hits the point or sevens-out, the don't pass bet will be lost or doubled and the don't pass odds returned.

Unlike a standard lay bet on a point, lay odds behind the Don't Pass line does not charge commission vig. A Come bet can be visualized as starting an entirely new pass line bet, unique to that player.

Like the Pass Line each player may only make one Come bet per roll, this does not exclude a player from betting odds on an already established Come point. Players may bet both the Come and Don't Come on the same roll if desired.

Come bets can only be made after a point has been established since, on the come-out roll, a Come bet would be the same thing as a pass line bet. A player making a Come bet will bet on the first point number that "comes" from the shooter's next roll, regardless of the table's round. If a 7 or 11 is rolled on the first round, it wins. If a 2, 3, or 12 is rolled, it loses. If instead the roll is 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10, the Come bet will be moved by the base dealer onto a box representing the number the shooter threw.

This number becomes the "come-bet point" and the player is allowed to take odds, just like a pass line bet. Also like a pass line bet, the come bet is a contract bet and is always working, and cannot be turned "Off", removed or reduced until it wins or loses.

However, the odds taken behind a Come bet can be turned "Off" not working , removed or reduced anytime before the bet loses. In Atlantic City and Pennsylvania, the combine odds and pass bet must be table minimum so players can bet the minimum single unit depending on the point. If the player requests the Come odds to be not working "Off" and the shooter sevens-out or hits the Come bet point, the Come bet will be lost or doubled and the Come odds returned.

If the casino allows put betting a player may increase a Come bet after a point has been established and bet larger odds behind if desired. Put betting also allows a player to bet on a Come and take odds immediately on a point number without a Come bet point being established.

The dealer will place the odds on top of the come bet, but slightly off center in order to differentiate between the original bet and the odds. The second round wins if the shooter rolls the come bet point again before a seven. Winning come bets are paid the same as winning pass line bets: If, instead, the seven is rolled before the come-bet point, the come bet and any odds bet loses. Because of the come bet, if the shooter makes their point, a player can find themselves in the situation where they still have a come bet possibly with odds on it and the next roll is a come-out roll.

In this situation, odds bets on the come wagers are usually presumed to be not working for the come-out roll. That means that if the shooter rolls a 7 on the come-out roll, any players with active come bets waiting for a come-bet point lose their initial wager but will have their odds bets returned to them.

If the come-bet point is rolled on the come-out roll, the odds do not win but the come bet does and the odds bet is returned along with the come bet and its payoff. The player can tell the dealer that they want their odds working, such that if the shooter rolls a number that matches the come point, the odds bet will win along with the come bet, and if a seven is rolled, both lose.

Many players will use a come bet as "insurance" against sevening out: The risk in this strategy is the situation where the shooter does not hit a seven for several rolls, leading to multiple come bets that will be lost if the shooter eventually sevens out. In the same way that a come bet is similar to a pass line bet, a don't come bet is similar to a don't pass bet.

Like the come, the don't come can only be bet after a point has already been established as it is the same as a don't pass line bet when no point is established. A don't come bet is played in two rounds. If a 2 or 3 is rolled in the first round, it wins. If a 7 or 11 is rolled, it loses. If, instead, the roll is 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10, the don't come bet will be moved by the base dealer onto a box representing the number the shooter threw.

The second round wins if the shooter rolls a seven before the don't come point. Like the Don't Pass each player may only make one Don't Come bet per roll, this does not exclude a player from laying odds on an already established Don't Come points. Players may bet both the Don't Come and Come on the same roll if desired.

The player may lay odds on a don't come bet, just like a don't pass bet; in this case, the dealer not the player places the odds bet on top of the bet in the box, because of limited space, slightly offset to signify that it is an odds bet and not part of the original don't come bet. Lay odds behind a Don't Come are subject to the same rules as Don't Pass lay odds. Unlike a standard lay bet on a point, lay odds behind a don't come point does not charge commission vig and gives the player true odds.

Like the don't pass line bet, don't come bets are no-contract, and can be removed or reduced after a don't come point has been established, but cannot be turned off "not working" without being removed.

A player may also call, "No Action" when a point is established, and the bet will not be moved to its point. This play is not to the player's advantage. If the bet is removed, the player can no longer lay odds behind the don't come point and cannot restore or increase the same don't come bet.

Players must wait until next roll as long as a pass line point has been established players cannot bet don't come on come out rolls before they can make a new don't come bet. Las Vegas casinos which allow put betting allows players to move the Don't Come directly to any Come point as a put, however this is not allowed in Atlantic City or Pennsylvania.

Unlike the don't come bet itself, the don't come odds can be turned "Off" not working , removed or reduced if desired. In Las Vegas, players generally must lay at least table minimum on odds if desired and win less than table minimum, in Atlantic City and Pennsylvania players combined bet must be at least table minimum, so depending on the point number players may lay as little as 2 minimum units e.

If the player requests the don't come odds be not working "Off" and the shooter hits the don't come point or sevens-out, the don't come bet will be lost or doubled and the don't come odds returned. Winning don't come bets are paid the same as winning don't pass bets: Unlike come bets, the odds laid behind points established by don't come bets are always working including come out rolls unless the player specifies otherwise.

These are bets that may not be settled on the first roll and may need any number of subsequent rolls before an outcome is determined. Most multi-roll bets may fall into the situation where a point is made by the shooter before the outcome of the multi-roll bet is decided.

These bets are often considered "not working" on the new come-out roll until the next point is established, unless the player calls the bet as "working. Casino rules vary on this; some of these bets may not be callable, while others may be considered "working" during the come-out. Dealers will usually announce if bets are working unless otherwise called off.

If a non-working point number placed, bought or laid becomes the new point as the result of a come-out, the bet is usually refunded, or can be moved to another number for free. Players can bet any point number 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10 by placing their wager in the come area and telling the dealer how much and on what number s , "30 on the 6", "5 on the 5" or "25 on the 10".

These are typically "Place Bets to Win". These are bets that the number bet on will be rolled before a 7 is rolled. These bets are considered working bets, and will continue to be paid out each time a shooter rolls the number bet. By rules, place bets are not working on the come out roll but can be "turned on" by the player.

Players may remove or reduce bet must be at least table minimum this bet anytime before it loses seven out. Place bets to win payout at slightly worse than the true odds: For the 4 and 10, it is to the player's advantage to 'buy' the bet see below. There are also "Place Bets to Lose". Rarely casinos offer these bets. This bet is the opposite of the place bet to win and pays off if a 7 is rolled before the specific point number.

The place bet to lose typically carries a lower house edge than a place bet to win. Payouts are 4—5 on points 6 or 8, 5—8 on 5 or 9, and 5—11 on 4 or In most cases, there are other methods to bet on point numbers than placing them, depending how the casino charges commissions and what bets are allowed. See Buy, Lay, and Put bets. Buy bets are placed with the shooter betting at a specific number will come out before a player sevens out. Traditionally, the buy bet commission is paid no matter what, but in recent years a number of casinos have changed their policy to charge the commission only when the buy bet wins.

Some casinos charge the commission as a one-time fee to buy the number; payouts are then always at true odds. Players may remove or reduce this bet bet must be at least table minimum excluding vig anytime before it loses. Buy bets like place bets are not working when no point has been established unless the player specifies otherwise. The house edges stated in the table assume the commission is charged on all bets. They are reduced by at least a factor of two if commission is charged on winning bets only.

A lay bet is the opposite of a buy bet, where a player bets on a 7 to roll before the number that is laid. Players may only lay the 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 or 10 and may lay multiple numbers if desired.

Just like the buy bet lay bets pay true odds, but because the lay bet is the opposite of the buy bet, the payout is reversed. Therefore, players get 1 to 2 for the numbers 4 and 10, 2 to 3 for the numbers 5 and 9, and 5 to 6 for the numbers 6 and 8.

Like the buy bet the commission is adjusted to suit the betting unit such that fraction of a dollar payouts are not needed. Casinos may charge the vig up front thereby requiring the player to pay a vig win or lose, other casinos may only take the vig if the bet wins. Taking vig only on wins lowers house edge. Players may removed or reduce this bet bet must be at least table minimum anytime before it loses.

Some casinos in Las Vegas allow players to lay table minimum plus vig if desired and win less than table minimum. Lay bet maximums are equal to the table maximum win, so if a player wishes to lay the 4 or 10, he or she may bet twice at amount of the table maximum for the win to be table maximum. Similar to buy betting, some casinos only take commission on win reducing house edge.

Unlike place and buy bets, lay bets are always working even when no point has been established. The player must specify otherwise if he or she wishes to have the bet not working. If a player is unsure of whether a bet is a single or multi-roll bet, it can be noted that all single-roll bets will be displayed on the playing surface in one color usually red , while all multi-roll bets will be displayed in a different color usually yellow.

A put bet is a bet which allows players to increase or make a Pass line bet after a point has been established after come-out roll. Players may make a put bet on the Pass line and take odds immediately or increase odds behind if a player decides to add money to an already existing Pass line bet.

Put betting also allows players to increase an existing come bet for additional odds after a come point has been established or make a new come bet and take odds immediately behind if desired without a come bet point being established. If increased or added put bets on the Pass line and Come cannot be turned "Off", removed or reduced, but odds bet behind can be turned "Off", removed or reduced.

The odds bet is generally required to be the table minimum. Player cannot put bet the Don't Pass or Don't Come. Put betting may give a larger house edge over place betting unless the casino offers high odds. Put bets are better than place bets to win when betting more than 5-times odds over the flat bet portion of the put bet. Looking at two possible bets: The player needs to be at a table which not only allows put bets, but also high-times odds, to take this advantage. This bet can only be placed on the numbers 4, 6, 8, and In order for this bet to win, the chosen number must be rolled the "hard way" as doubles before a 7 or any other non-double combination "easy way" totaling that number is rolled.

In Las Vegas casinos, this bet is generally working, including when no point has been established, unless the player specifies otherwise. In other casinos such as those in Atlantic City , hard ways are not working when the point is off unless the player requests to have it working on the come out roll. Like single-roll bets, hard way bets can be lower than the table minimum; however, the maximum bet allowed is also lower than the table maximum.

The minimum hard way bet can be a minimum one unit. The maximum bet is based on the maximum allowed win from a single roll. Easy way is not a specific bet offered in standard casinos, but a term used to define any number combination which has two ways to roll.

For example, 6—4, 4—6 would be a "10 easy". The 4, 6, 8 or 10 can be made both hard and easy ways. Betting point numbers which pays off on easy or hard rolls of that number or single-roll "hop" bets e. A player can choose either the 6 or 8 being rolled before the shooter throws a seven. These wagers are usually avoided by experienced craps players since they pay even money 1: The bets are located in the corners behind the pass line, and bets may be placed directly by players.

In addition place bets are usually not working, except by agreement, when the shooter is "coming out" i. Single-roll proposition bets are resolved in one dice roll by the shooter.

Most of these are called "Service Bets", and they are located at the center of most craps tables. Only the stickman or a dealer can place a service bet. The lowest single roll bet can be a minimum one unit bet. Single bets are always working by default unless the player specifies otherwise. Wins if shooter rolls a 2 or The stickman places this bet on the line dividing the 2 and 12 bets. A combined bet, a player is betting half their bet on craps 2,3,12 and the other half on 11 yo.

The combine payout is 3: Another method of calculating the payout is to divide the total bet in half. The player would receive 7: If an 11 was rolled the player would receive Both methods of calculation yield the same result so either method can be used. If a player wishes to take the bet down after a win the player would receive the whole bet not half even though only one of the two bets can win per roll.

One of the two bets will always lose, the other may win. Wins if the shooter rolls a 7 with 4:

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