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Contributions in her memory may be made to Arbor Hospice. And let it be known that if a farmer wishes to burn his cotton, his house, his family, and himself, he may do so. She was an avid collector who also enjoyed fine dining as well as travel. Arrangements are in the care of Berry-Short Funeral Home. Back in the Saddle: The Confederate Army's commander, General Albert Sydney Johnston, had to personally intervene to stop the looting and get his army back into battle.
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A Mason's one interest as a Mason is at the point where the history of Masonry intersects the history Of Near. During the hundreds of wars in Britain and on the Continent during the long period of Operative Masonry, there is no evidence that the Masonic fraternities gilds, or lodges ever took part in them as such; in the midst of war the gilds went on with their work as best they could, as farmers, sailors, teachers, churches did.
In the Grand Lodge of Ireland hit upon the expedient of granting Warrants for military Lodges or regimental, or naval, or sea and field under ambulatory or traveling Charters. As one Grand Lodge after another adopted the custom these military bodies multiplied into the hundreds, and helped to carry Freemasonry about the world; but this was not a war measure, made to support one side as against another, but was for the sole purpose of according the privileges of the Craft to men away from home; the same Grand Lodge Chartered Lodges in two or three armies, as in America where there were military Lodges in both conflicting armies and under the same Grand Lodge!
During that war, as they were to do so again in and in , Masons from both sides oftentimes attended the same Lodge, and did so not out of "the emotions of the battle field" but because they knew that Lodges stand outside the militant struggle.
In his article on page Bro. Clegg discusses the action taken by Scottish Lodges in , in offering bounties to men who would enlist for the war in America. The action taken by the Grand Lodge of Scotland the following year to condemn this un-Masonic practice bears out what was said in the above paragraphs. The same thing had been attempted years before when patrons made use of a few Lodges as recruiting centers for immigrants willing to move to the Colonies.
One act was as un-Masonic as the other. After he declared a world-wide war on Freemasonry Pope Leo XIII set up the headquarters of his international anti-Masonic bureaus in France, in , as described on another page of this Supplement in an article on Leo Taxil, and utilized for the purpose the machinery of persecution and accusation which already had long been in operation against the Jews: Masons were accused of being devil-worshiper, atheists, enemies of the family, humanitarians, democrats, Protestants, etc.
This anti-Masonry was consolidated with the Church's attack on the Republic of France, which it had carried on since the Franco-Prussian war in an attempt to restore the monarchy to the country. French Masonry never was large, having from to Lodges, and from 30, to 40, members under a Grand Lodge and a Grand Orient, but it more than made up in influence and prestige what it lacked in numbers. As against Roman Catholicism it continued a more-or-less passive resistance, but as against the schemes to destroy the French Republic it worked in the open, not as a member or champion of any one of the numerous political parties, but on the ground that freedom in state, society, and religion and the maintenance of a public school system are right and just.
The paramount social purpose of French Masonry mas to help establish a permanent peace in Europe. Long before Woodrow Wilson's presidency it held conferences for discussing a League of Nations. Between the two Wars it worked continuously to establish a friendlier feeling between French and German peoples.
It became identified in the public mind with liberty, education, and peace, and so much so that when on December 28, , a clique of Roman Catholic members of the House of Deputies introduced an amendment to abolish Freemasonry they were defeated by a vote of to 91, which in the tangle of the many political parties was tantamount to a unanimous defeat. When the Nazis set up their Fifth Column in France under Otto Abetz at about that time, they provided for a special division to plan means to undermine and destroy the Fraternity, that work being placed under the direction of Bernard Fa.
This combined anti-Masonic bloc also was used as under-cover machinery for attacking the United States and explains why upon the fall of France, Americans there were shocked to discover so much hatred of themselves; and why in his last radio address to the nation before he fled from Paris, Premier Renaud laid the blame for "France's defeat" on President Roosevelt!
Upon their entrance into Paris the Germans confiscated Masonic property, looted Lodge funds, burned Masonic buildings, carried the great Masonic Library off to Berlin, opened up a derisive "Masonic exposition" which fell flat, and was a pitiable spectacle in which grown men who had graduated from the German universities acted and tallied like morons , shot some hundreds of Masons, imprisoned thousands of others, and sent other thousands to labor camps in the Reich.
He removed some forty or more generals for having been Masons, and took the Legion of Honor away from many other Masons prominent in the army and in public life, among the latter being Pierre Comert, Alexis Leger, and Col. Charles Felix Pijeard, and denounced a number of members of the House of Deputies. He ordered Masonic property to be auctioned. Freemasonry was introduced into Italy about , began to work under the best of auspices, and was led by men most eminent in the nation.
After the Popes began their crusade against it with the Bull by Clement XII in , it had an honorable though checkered career, and in the Regiment numbered such Masons in its membership as Cavour, Mazzini, and Garibaldi, the last named a Grand Master. But Freemasonry was disturbed by the rise of the Carbonari with its endless branches and off-shoots, and often found itself compromised in the public eye by political secret societies falsely calling themselves Masonic.
In self-defense some Lodges engaged in political work, thereby cutting themselves off from English-speaking Freemasonry; others refused to. The confusion became more confounded after World War I, and it was only when Torrigiani gained leadership, aided by the moral support of the Grand Lodge of New York interested because of its own large Italian membership , that the Italian Craft began to regularize itself and to weed out false and clandestine bodies.
A short time before the so-called March on Rome it had the King's knowledge and consent; Mussolini traveled in a Pullman sleeper the Grand Fascist Council on February 13, , resolved, among other things, that since "Freemasons pursue a program and employ methods contrary to those which inspire the whole activity of Fascism, the Council calls upon those Fascists who are Freemasons to choose between membership of the National Fascist Party and Freemasonry.
Among those who deserted Masonry were Rossi, Balbo, and Acerbo. On January 10, , the Parliament outlawed the Fraternity. In a debate on the Bill, Mussolini thundered: This charge against a national hero who had given fifty years of his life to the Italian army covered the whole nation with gloom, because everybody knew he was innocent and his "trial" therefore showed the people by what means the Fascists would rule.
He was brought to "trial" in the Spring of , and sentenced to an imprisonment of thirty years, the first six to be in solitary confinement. Almost immediately secret police arrested Grand Master Torrigiani, "tried" him in secret court, and banished him to starve to death on one of the Lipari islands, to be followed later by some hundreds of other Masons.
Torrigiani first went blind, or nearly 80, and then dsessene attempt after another was made from New York City to send food and medicines to those men on the little rock islands in the Mediterranean, but without much success. How many died from hunger and exposure may never be known. General Ludendorff and his wife began the Nazi crusade against the Fraternity in Germany immediately after the end of World War I, and in the beginning tool; over enbloc the technique of anti-Masonry which had been used in France, which was character assassination coupled with a device for transferring to Masons the century-old Roman Catholic hatred of the Jews.
Ludendorff was a Nazi before Hitler was, and marched in the punch at hiunich. In Mein Kamp Hitler wrote that the pacification of men and nations, that is, their civilization, which would destroy Germany's "Germanness," had been "introduced into the circles of the so-called 'intelligentsia' by Freemasonry," and from them "is transmitted to the great masses but above all to the bourgeoisie, by the activity of the great press, which today is always Jewish.
Alfred Rosenberg, the "philosopher" of the Nazi Party not a German, but a Balt, and psychopathic throughout his life , wrote at greater length in his Masonic Work Polmes, and with equal ignorance, even to the extent, and in defiance of his own claim to great learning, of accepting and promulgating the fable of the Protocol of the Elders of Zion.
In , and in almost one of his first utterances as Prime Minister of Prussia, Hermann Goering declared that "in National Socialist Germany there is no place for Freemasonry. At the outbreak of the war in there were or had been about Lodges in Germany, with some , members. How many Masons were mobbed, beaten to death, murdered, executed, or sent to concentration camps in Germany may never be know.
In Spain the sufferings of Masons were more terrible than in any other country. It was headed by the hierarchy of the Roman Church, the landlords, the higher officers in the army, by royalists, by local representatives of international finance, and was armed, accounted, and financed by Italy and Germany. Under Falangist rule membership in a Lodge automatically called for imprisonment for ten years, later changed to twelve years.
In one town during the Franco Rebellion 80 men were garroted on six scaffolds for being Masons; in another 50 were made to dig a trench and then were shot and buried in it. Savages from Morocco were turned loose on Masons' families; thousands of Masons were hanged shot, stabbed, burned, beaten to death for no other crime than Masonry; not in a Nazi crematory in Poland was there such an amount of savagery, bloodlust, brutality, murder, and unbelievable cruelty.
Freemasonry in Austria had a very old and proud history but by , the year of the annexation of Austria it was reduced to one Grand Lodge, some 20 Lodgers and members.
Hitler immediately abolished it and sent some of the Masons to the concentration camp at Dachau, or had them shot. Belgium had one Grand Lodge, 24 Lodges, and members, but possessed an influence out of proportion to its size.
Immediately the Germans entered Belgium in April, , the Lodges were closed, their properties were confiscated, and their members, most of them, were imprisoned. Hitler closed the Lodges, confiscated the property, imprisoned Masons, and shot many leaders. Greece had before the War one Grand Lodge, 70 Lodges, members. Freemasonry was strong in Holland before the War with one Grand Lodge, Lodges, and 10, members. In April, , the Germans closed the Lodges, confiscated real estate, used jewels and leather aprons for making military goods, and arrested hundreds of Masons, among whom a number of Grand Officers committed suicide under torture.
Norway had one Grand Lodge, 30 Lodges, 11, members; Quisling and the Germans obliterated the Craft, following the usual program. Poland had one Grand Lodge, 12 Lodges, and 1, members. Roumania had two Grand Lodges, 40 Lodges, members. Yugoslavia had one Grand Lodges, 20 Lodges, members. In each of these countries the Germans carried out the same program of suppression, confiscation, imprisonment, torture, execution, and the terrorism often was extended to Masons' families.
As with the Germans so with the Japanese: Within a space of less than five years more than , men overt martyred for being Masons, their properties confiscated, their families broken, themselves tortured, imprisoned, or shot. The Masonic Fraternity has a long memory, as long a memory as has the Roman Church; but it has nowhere in its memory any martyrdom such as that of those years; and it is hoped it never will have again; but it will carry a long memory into the future also, and a thousand years from now it will not have forgotten Spain, and Greece, and Holland, and France, and Italy of A.
The question how Freemasons should conduct themselves in time of war, when their own country is one of the belligerents, is an important one. Of the political Course of a Freemason in his individual and private Capacity there is no doubt.
The Charges declare that he must be "a peaceable subject to the civil powers, and never be concerned in plots and conspiracies against the peace and welfare of the nation" Constitutions, , page But so anxious is the Order to be unembarrassed by all political influences, that treason, however discountenanced by the Craft, is not held as a crime which is amenable to Masonic punishment. For the same Charge affirms that "if a Brother should be a rebel against the State, he is not to be countenanced in his rebellion, however he may be pitied as an unhappy man; and if convicted of no other crime, though the loyal brotherhood must and ought to disown his rebellion and give no umbrage or ground of political jealousy to the government for the time being, they cannot expel him from the Lodge, and his relation to it remains indefeasible.
The Freemason, then, like every other citizen, should be a patriot. He should love his country with all his heart; should serve it faithfully and cheerfully; obey its laws in peace; and in war should be ever ready to support its honor and defend it from the attacks of its enemies. But even then the benign principles of the Institution extend their influence, arid divest the contest of many of its horrors.
The Freemason fights, of Course, like every other man, for victory; but when the victory is won, he will remember that the conquered foe is still his Brother. On the occasion, of a Masonic banquet given immediately after the close of the Mexican War to General Quitman by the Grand Lodge of South Carolina that distinguished soldier and Freemason remarked that, although he had devoted much of his attention to the nature and character of the Masonic Institution, and had repeatedly held the highest offices in the gift of his brethren, he had never really known what Freemasonry was until he had seen its workings on the field of battle.
It must be silent and neutral. The din of the battle, the cry for vengeance, the shout of victory, must never penetrate its portals.
Its dogmas and doctrines all teach love and fraternity; its symbols are symbols of peace; and it has no place in any of its rituals consecrated to the inculcation of human contention. Moore, in his Biography of Thomas Smith Webb, the great American ritualist, mentions a Circumstance which occurred during the period in which Webb presided over the Grand Lodge of Rhode Island, and to which Moore, in the opinion of Doctor Mackey, inconsiderately has given his hearty commendation.
The United States was engaged at that time in a war with England. The people of Providence having commenced the erection of fortifications the Grand Lodge volunteered its Services; and the members, marching in procession as a Grand Lodge to the southern part of the town, erected a breastwork, to which was given the name of Fort Hiram see Fort Masonic. Doctor Mackey doubted the propriety of the act. While, to repeat what has been just said, every individual member of the Grand Lodge as a Freemason, was bound by his obligation to be "true to his government " and to defend it from the attacks of its enemies, it was, says Doctor Mackey, unseemly, and contrary to the peaceful spirit of the Institution, for any organized body of Freemasons, organized as such to engage in a warlike enterprise.
But the patriotism, if not the prudence of the Grand Lodge, Cannot be denied. Since writing this paragraph, Doctor Mackey met in brother Murray Lyon's History of the Lodge of Edinburgh page 83 with a record of the Grand Lodge of Scotland, which in his judgment sustained the view that he has taken.
In , recruits were being enlisted in Scotland for the British army, which was to fight the Americans in the War of the Revolution, which had just begun.
Many of the Scotch Lodges offered, through the newspapers, bounties to all who should enlist But on February 2, , the Grand Lodge passed a resolution which was published on the 12th, through the Grand Secretary, in the following circular: At a quarterly meeting of the Grand Lodge of Scotland, held here the Second instant, I received a charge to acquaint all the Lodges of Scotland holding of the Grand Lodge that the Grand Lodge has seen with concern advertisements in the public newspapers, from different Lodges in Scotland, not only offering a bounty to recruits who may enlist in the new levies, but with the addition that all such recruits shall be admitted to the freedom of Masonry.
The first of these they consider as an improper alienation of the funds of the Lodge from the support of their poor and distressed Brethren, and the second they regard as a prostitution of our Order, which demands the reprehension of the Grand Lodge What ever share the Brethren may take as individuals in aiding these levies, out of zeal to serve their private friends or to promote the public service, the Grand Lodge considered it to be repugnant to the spirit of our Craft that any Lodge should take a part in such a business as a collective Body.
For Masonry is an Order of Pease ant it looks on all mankind to be Brethren as Masons, whether they be at peace or at war with each other as subjects of contending countries The Grand Lodge therefore strongly enjoins that the practice may be forthwith discontinued.
By order of the Grand Lodge of Scotland. Of all human institutions, Freemasonry is the greatest and purest Peace Society. And this is because its doctrine of universal peace is founded on the doctrine of a universal brotherhood. This rule has existed ever since the revival, and for some time previous to that event, and is so universal that it has been considered as one of the landmarks.
It exists in every country and in every Rite The titles of the officers may be different in different languages, but their functions as presiding over the Lodge in a tripartite division of duties, are everywhere the same.
The German Masons call the two Wardens erste and zweite Aufseher; the French, premier and second Surveillant; the Spanish, primer and segundo Vigilante; and the Italians, primo and secondo Sorvegliante. In the various Rites, the positions of these officers vary. In the French and Scottish Rites, both Wardens are in the West, the Senior in the Northwest and the Junior in the Southwest; but in all, the triangular position of the three officers relatively to each other is preserved; for a triangle being formed within the square of the Lodge, the Master and Wardens will each occupy one of the three points.
The precise time when the presidency of the Lodge was divided between these three officers or when they were first introduced into Freemasonry, is unknown. The Lodges of Scotland, during the Operative regime, or era, were governed by a Deacon and one Warden. This seems to have been not unusual, as there were cases of Apprentices presiding over Lodges.
The Deacon performed the functions of a Master, and the Warden was the second officer, and took charge of and distributed the funds. In other words, he acted as a Treasurer. But the head of the Craft in Scotland at the same time was called the Warden General. This regulation, however, does not appear to have been universal even in Scotland, for in the Mark Book of the Aberdeen Lodge, under date of December 27, , which was published by Brother W.
Hughan in the Voice of Masonry, February, , we find there a Master and Warden recognized as the presiding officers of the Lodge in the following Statute: Some of the English manuscript Constitutions recognize the offices of Master and Wardens.
Thus the Harleian Manuscript, No. As the word Warden does not appear in the earlier manuscripts, it might be concluded that the office was not introduced into the English Lodges until the latter part of the seventeenth century.
Yet this does not absolutely follow. For the office of Warden might have existed, and no statutory provision on the subject have been embraced in the general charges which are contained in those manuscripts, because they relate not to the government of Lodges, but the duties of Freemasons.
This of course, is conjectural; but the conjecture derives weight from the fact that Wardens were officers of the English Gilds as early as the fourteenth century. In the Charters granted by Edward III, in , it is permitted that these companies shall yearly elect for their government "a certain number of Wardens ". To a list of the Companies of the date of is affixed what is called the Oath of the Wardens of Crafts, of which this is the commencement: It thus appears that the Wardens were at first the presiding officers of the Gilds.
At a later period, in the reign of Elizabeth, we find that the chief officer began to be called Master; and in the time of James I, between and , the Gilds were generally governed by a Master and Wardens. An ordinance of the Leather-Sellers Company at that time directed that on a certain occasion "the Master and Wardens shall appear in state. It is not, therefore, improbable that the government of Masonic Lodges by a Master and two Wardens was introduced into the regulations of the Order in the Seventeenth century, the "new article" of being a statutory confirmation of a custom which had just begun to prevail.
He is the second officer in a Symbolic Lodge, and governs the Craft in the hours of labor. In the absence of the Master he presides over the Lodge, appointing some brothers not the Junior Warden, to occupy his place in the attest.
His jewel is a level, a Symbol of the equality which exists among the Craft while at labor in the Lodge. His seat is in the West, and he represents the column of Strength. He has placed before him, and carries in all processions, a column, which is the representative of the right-hand pillar that stood at the porch of King Solomon's Temple.
The Junior Warden has a similar column, which represents the left-hand pillar. During labor the Column of the Senior Warden is erect in the Lodge, while that of the Junior is recumbent. At refreshment, the position of the two columns is reversed. The duties of this officer have already been described see Junior Warden.
There is also an officer in a Commandery of Knights Templar, the fifth in rank, who is staled Senior Warden. He takes an important part in the initiation of a candidate. His jewel of office is a triple triangle, the emblem of Deity.
See articles on Columns and Columns, The Wardens'. The literal meaning of Warder is one who keeps watch and ward. In the Middle Ages, the Warder was stationed at the gate or on the battlements of the castle, and with his trumpet sounded alarms and announced the approach of all comers. Hence the Warder in a Commandery of Knights Templar bears a trumpet, and his duties are prescribed to be to announce the approach and departure of the Eminent Commander, to post the sentinels, and see that the Asylum is duly guarded, as well as to announce the approach of visitors.
His jewel is a trumpet and crossed swords engraved on a square plate. In the ancient initiations, the aspirant was never permitted to enter on the threshold of the Temple in which the Ceremonies were conducted until, by the most solemn warning, he had been impressed with the necessity of secrecy and caution Thus the use, for this purpose, of a Warlike Instrument in the First Degree of Freemasonry, is intended to produce the same effect A sword has always been employed for that purpose; and to substitute the point of the compasses, taken from the altar at the time, is an improper sacrifice of Symbolism to the convenience of the Senior Deacon The Compasses are peculiar to the Third Degree In the earliest instructions of the eighteenth century it is Said that the entrance is "upon the point of a sword, or spear, or some warlike instrument".
Krause Kurlsturkunden ii, page , in commenting on this expression, has completely misinterpreted its signification He supposes that the sword was intended as a sign of jurisdiction now assumed by the Lodge.
But the real object of the ceremony is to teach the neophyte that as the sword or warlike instrument will wound or prick the flesh, so will the betray al of a trust confided wound or prick the conscience of him who betrays it. The Document which authorizes or gives a Warrant to certain persons therein named to organize and constitute a Lodge, Chapter, or other Masonic Body, and which ends usually with the formula, "for which this shall be your sufficient Warrant ".
Consequently ever Since the adoption of that regulation, no Lodge has been regular unless it is working under such an authority The Word Warrant is appropriately used, because in its legal acceptation it means a document giving authority to perform some Specified act In England, the Warrant of Constitution emanates frown the Grand Master; in the United states from the Grand Lodge in America, the Grand Master grants only a dispensation to hold a Lodge, which may be revoked or confirmed by the Grand Lodge; and in the latter case, the Warrant will then be issued The Warrant of Constitution is granted to the Master and Wardens, and to their successors in office.
It continues in force only during the pleasure of the Grand Lodge, and may, therefore, at any time be revoked, and the Lodge dissolved by a vote of that Body, or it may be temporarily arrested or suspended by an edict of the Grand Master This will, however, never be done, unless the Lodge has violated the ancient landmarks or failed to pay due respect and obedience to the Grand Lodge or to the Grand Master At the formation of the first Lodges in a number of the States in the South and Middle West, the Grand Lodges of other States granted both Dispensations and Charters When a Warrant of Constitution is revoked or recalled, the jewels furniture, and funds of the Lodge revert to the Grand Lodge.
Lastly, as a Lodge holds its communications only under the authority of this Warrant of Constitution, no Lodge can be opened, or proceed to business, unless it be present if it be mislaid or destroyed, it must be recovered or another obtained; and until that is done, the Communications of the Lodge must be suspended; and if the Warrant of Constitution be taken out of the room during the session of the Lodge, the authority of the Master instantly ceases Some pertinent Comments upon the early use of Significant and frequently employed words to be found in the documents of Freemasonry are discussed by Brother W J Chetwode Crawley see Caementaria Hiberica, Fasciculus ii.
The earliest mention of the word Warrant in connection with Grand Lodge is found in Number VIII of the General Regulations of , comprised in doctor Anderson's Constitutions, , where the Brethren are warned that "they must obtain the Grand Master's Warrant to join in forming a new Lodge, and that he must approve of them by his Warrant, which must be signified to the other Lodges " The provision is in the first Irish Code, , hut condensed by the Grand Secretary, Brother John Pennell.
The Minutes of the Grand Lodge of Munster for John the Baptist's Day, , show that Grand Lodge considered the petitions of Brethren at Waterford and Clonmell "to have a Warrant from our Grand Lodge for assembling and holding Regular Lodges " Both passages and context allow no doubt that the word Warrand is used in its etymological Sense of permission, and not in its secondary sense of a permanent document embodying that authorization.
This permission was involved in the formal Constitution of the Lodge by the Grand Master, or, failing him, by a brothers to whom he issued a written Deputation for the purpose This document has often and mistakenly been called the Warrant, or Charter, by brethren familiar with the legal qualities that form a Charter, and who were unable to distinguish between a Warrant or general authorization of , and Warrant or permanent documents of today.
The words Constitution and Deputation had similar development The Constitution and Deputation of meant a ceremony; the Constitution of fifty years later often, not always, meant a document. The Deputation of meant entrusting duties to one who stood for the Grand Master; the Deputation displayed today, with just pride, in certain old Lodges, is a document delegating those temporary duties.
The word Regular, too, has had a modern connotation attributed to it that has helped to increase the confusion. These latter Lodges were not necessarily clandestine or irregular.
They were only non-regular in that they were outside the jurisdiction of the recently formed Grand Lodge but many, with hasty judgment, have assumed that all Brethren who, in those early days, were not regular, must be irregular a judgment far from truth. Evidence of the existence of legitimate non-regular Lodges has multiplied of late years. The Lodge at Warrington, in which Elias Ashmole was initiated in , once stood well-nigh alone as an accredited example.
Today we have even more striking examples in the Lodge discovered by Brother Edward Condor to have been held in under the auspices of the Masons Company, in London, and in the Lodge at Chester, to which Randle Holme belonged in l, and which Brother W.
H Rylands has proved to have been a Speculative Lodge. The Irish Lodge, traditionally held at Donneraile, in which the honorable Elizabeth Saint Leger was initiated before , belonged to the same category. The old Lodge at Alnwick, apparently an Operative survival, has left By-laws dated , and Minutes dated The Lodge at Swalwell, in Durham, possessing records from , did not become Regular by exhibiting a Constitution from the Grand Lodge of England until Evidence is not wanted of similar neighboring Lodges which failed to follow the Lodge at Swalwell even in this tardy submissions to the Grand Lodge in London.
When we passed in review the series of Masonic Manuals published by Brother William Smith in and , we find a flourishing Lodge at Hexhan mentioned in the Book M see introduction to the Pocket Companion, This Lodge according to Brother John Lane, never became Regular by coming under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of England Similarly, Doctor Stukely's Lodge at Grantham, in Lincolnshire, never became Regular, though we knew from his Diary that it existed under his tutelage from to As a matter of history all Lodges before existed under like conditions Those Time Immemorial Lodges continuing work after Grand Lodge was founded, came gradually and voluntarily under its jurisdiction, if they did so at all.
Such of them as remained aloof did not forfeit their right to be regarded as Lodges of Freemasons. They were Non-Regular Lodges. Reference to the ecclesiastical use of the word Regular will help to make its original Masonic use clear. Parochial clergy are styled Non-Regular, or Secular It would be the height of inconsequence to style them Irregular.
Each of these verbal misconceptions is trifling in itself, and obvious when pointed out in the aggregate, they have generally helped to obscure the origin of the now universal practice of holding no Lodge to be Regular unless it possesses a permanent Charter embodying its rights This is the Irish use.
We have seen that the issuing of permanent Warrants or Charters to its supporting Lodges formed no part of the theory of Constitution contemplated by the Grand Lodge of England When the first Warrant was issued by the Grand Lodge of Ireland, the step was along a new path. No precedent could be discerned in the Sister Grand Lodge of England for either the theory or the practice The growth of our mother tongue has been almost imperceptible during the generations that have passed since the first book of Constitutions was published by Brother James Anderson Yet the interval has been long enough to impart confusion into the terminology of our history.
No student can afford to be ignorant or careless of the ceaseless changes of meaning in the words of a living language The words Warrant, Constitution and Regular connote many things today which our forefathers had not in view at the Revival of An early organized Body inspired by Brother William B. Born June 11, , Roxbury, Massachusetts; graduated from Harvard College in ; began the practice of medicine in , noted for his success in the smallpox epidemic at Boston in In , sent to the Provincial Congress to represent the City of Boston and elected President in This Provincial Congress offered him the appointment of Surgeon General, which he declined.
General Warren presided at the meeting of the Colonial Congress, June 16, , which lasted almost the entire night and immediately left for Charlestown, arriving just a few moments before the first attack of the British troops at Bunker Hill. Here Putnam and Prescott offered him command but he, refusing, seized a musket and fought in the ranks. During this encounter he received a bullet in the head and was instantly killed, being buried in a hastily prepared grave on the battle-field.
This communication was received in December of He was assiduous in his Masonic duties, giving constant attendance to the Committees of the Fraternity and taking care of manifold duties with a minute attention remarkable, considering his activity in public causes. The Masonic Brotherhood removed Brother Warren's body from the shallow grave in the battle-field as soon as possible after the evacuation of Boston, April 6, ; held a Masonic funeral service over it and placed it in a tomb in the Granary Burying Ground.
Since then the body has been moved several times and now lies in Forest Hills Cemetery. King Solomon's Lodge, then of Charlestown, erected and dedicated a monument to his memory and later voted to present the land and monument to the Bunker Hill Monument Association and an exact model in marble of the original is now placed within the Bunker Hill Monument. The completion of the monument was celebrated June 17, , King Solomon's Lodge, then of Charlestown, conducting the Masonic funeral rites.
Moore, pages 9 to Norton Sketch of the Lodge of Antiquity, A. Montreal, , quotes on page 8 a letter from Lieutenant Colonel W. I learned that it belonged to the Masons of the corps, and, being permitted to remove it to my bungalow, I found the lock had been broken, some of the jewels lost.
It contained the Record book, some jewels, several books of the by-laws, the Bible and Charter, almost dilapidated. On the fly-leaf of the books of By-laws was printed: Brother Beamish Saul summarizes another entry from the Lodge Minutes: On one of these occasions the trunk fell into the hands of the Americans, but this fact coming to the knowledge of Washington, he immediately ordered it to be returned under 3 flag of truce and escorted by a guard of honor; it being also stated the regiment opened up its ranks, the guard of honor marching in, to the cheering music of the pipe and drum band.
The Lodge then went to Ireland; in it returned to Canada. In the Lodge affiliated with the Grand Lodge of Canada! Beamish, "the Lodge now possesses a bound photo zincographic copy [presented by Col.
Lacy of the title page and about a dozen other principal pages, and containing also certain records of the West family and others who lived in the Jersevs at that time. The Bible itself is now kept in the officers mess room at Newsby in a walnut case on which is engraved: Washington having been made, passed, and raised in Fredericksburg Lodge, in Virginia, at a much earlier date than when the 46th was in winter quarters near Philadelphia, tradition and the general consensus of opinion says it was the Mark Degree which was conferred.
It is most reasonable to take it that the Degree was the Mark, since Washington already had been exalted to the Royal Arch at Fredericksburg in ; and that it was conferred at Philadelphia in or near at a time of truce, when Lodges were opened and visited by Masons from both sides of the line.
The 46th were in the Jerseys in To the data in the article on George Washington beginning at page should be added the tradition that he once attended and presided over Lodge meetings held in a cavern at Charles Town, W. This tradition has been preserved in the Washington family, and there is no ground for questioning it. It was named after his brother Charles, who built there a home called Maudington. Samuel, another brother, built Hareyrood, which is still owned by descendants James and Dolly Madison were married in it.
The population of about contains more descendants of the Washington and Custis families than any other American community. Washington was separated from Oregon by Act of Congress on March 2, There were at the time four chartered Lodges in the new Territory, all of which gave allegiance to Oregon, namely, Olympia, No.
At a meeting held on December 8, , a Constitution was adopted and a Lodge of Master Masons was opened. Grand Officers were elected as follows; Grand Master, T. Bachelder, and Grand Secretary, Thomas M. The Grand Master was then installed and on the following day the Grand Lodge was opened with due ceremony in Ample Form. Its number was given to Walla Walla Chapter which had been given a Dispensation February 13, , and a Charter at the same time as Seattle Chapter on September 20, Its Charter was dated August 23, This, with three other constituent Commanderies, Seattle, No.
A Congress of American Freemasons was convoked at the City of Washington, in the year , at the call of several Grand Lodge, for the purpose of recommending the establishment of a General Grand Lodge of the United States.
She was born in Laurel on Aug. She was formerly employed by Dr. She enjoyed traveling with her family and friends, playing cards, and reading. Shaner is survived by her son, Patrick and daughter-in-law Christine, granddaughter Christa, all of Salisbury, and grandson Hunter, a freshman at the University of Kentucky in Lexington.
Bill Kniceley will officiate. Donations may be made in Mrs. Box , Laurel, DE For the past 15 months, Betty lived with her daughter. Betty was born on Sept. She graduated from Laurel High School in Betty enjoyed playing bridge with her friends, attending auctions and collecting antiques, and spending time outdoors gardening and bird watching. She loved spending time with her grandchildren and celebrating the holidays with her family.
In addition to her parents, she was preceded in death by her loving husband, Leon J. Gootee in ; and her two brothers, Dallas and Donald Hearn. Hearn and her husband Howard of Charlottesville, Va. Friends may visit with family from 1 to 2 p. In lieu of flowers, please consider a contribution in her memory to the Laurel Public Library, E. She was the daughter of the late Grover C.
Dot was a graduate of Seaford High School. She was an accomplished artist and a founding member of the Woodbridge Art League as well as a member of the Rehoboth Art League. Dot was a secretary for her husband, Raymond, for many years with Local Union She is survived by her children: Interment will be at St. Betty was born in Seaford on Aug. She graduated from Seaford High School in and held a bachelor of science degree in business management.
She started working for the Delaware National Guard in and retired in January of , in the position of information management specialist at the Joint Force Headquarters in Wilmington. After retirement, she moved to Lewes where she worked part-time as a webmaster for Wright Property Management.
She was very active at St. Marks United Methodist Church while living in Wilmington where she sang in the choir. Herrick wife Bunny of Seaford; seven nieces and nephews; seven grand-nieces and nephews; and numerous friends that she also considered part of her family. Betty was a devoted and caring daughter, sister, aunt and friend.
She loved her family and friends with all her heart and will be missed by all who knew her. She was preceded in death by her father, Edward Herrick, in Per Betty's wishes, a private service will be held graveside at 1 p. She had been a resident of Genesis Seaford Center for the past three years. As well as being a devoted farm wife and mother, she owned and operated her own beauty salon for 15 years. In addition to her parents, she was preceded in death by her husband, the Rev. A private graveside service will be held at a later date for immediate family.
Born on March 18, in Pottsville, Pa. He served as a Navy radioman on Guam during World War II and continued to enjoy amateur radio until the end of his life. He is survived by his wife of 34 years, Mary Ann, and his son, Tom Fasold.
In lieu of flowers, the family suggests memorial contributions to Wreaths Across America, P. Box , Columbia Falls, ME www. WAA is committed to teaching younger generations about the value of their freedoms and the importance of honoring veterans and active military who sacrificed so much to protect those freedoms.
Contributions may also be made to St. He was employed with the Dupont Co. He enjoyed the outdoors, doing carpentry work and cutting trees. Raymond also enjoyed going to the slots and spending time with his family.
York, who passed in She was born in Chester, Pa. York moved to Delaware in and was a member of St. She loved her family and enjoyed attending any sporting events her grandchildren and great-grandchildren participated in. Services will be held at noon on Friday, Nov. Interment will be at Milford Community Cemetery. Box , Georgetown, DE Arrangements are in the care of Berry-Short Funeral Home. Warner, 64, of Delmar, went home to be with his Lord on Saturday, Nov. He was born on Sept. Danny proudly served his country in the U.
Navy from and worked as a truck driver for various companies including Peninsula Press and Wheatleys. He was an avid animal lover. Danny is also survived by many nieces and nephews who will miss him, including very special nieces, Angel Horseman and Penny Carr. In addition to his father, he was preceded in death by a brother, Neal Warner; father-in-law, Roland H. Foskey; and brothers-in-law, Phillip H. Foskey and Gary Horseman Jr. Interment with military honors will follow at Melsons Cemetery in Delmar.
She was an avid and accomplished ballerina in her teen and college years. She later met and married Navy Ensign John A. Jeanne was an instructor and choreographer in ballet and modern dance at Hagerstown Junior College for many of those years, and was also active in lay ministry at St. She was ordained as an Episcopal priest in She served in the capacity of associate rector at St. She was rector of St. Jeanne was a lifelong member of the Episcopal Church and supporter of numerous charitable organizations.
She was an avid collector who also enjoyed fine dining as well as travel. Jeanne and Joe made numerous cross-country trips and they toured Italy last December. In lieu of flowers, the family requests memorial donations to St. He was born on June 23, in Cambridge, Md.
He would soon be called to honorably serve his country as an MP during the Korean Conflict. After completing his service to his country, Mr.
Hartzell embarked on a 39 year career with DuPont. He was an engineer at the Seaford Nylon Plant, where he retired in Hartzell loved traveling and had visited all 50 states and every Civil War Battlefield in each state. He loved history, woodworking and tinkering around the house with his tools. Hartzell enjoyed dining out at restaurants, with his favorite being Macaroni Grill. His favorite quote would be, "So many restaurants, so little time.
Hartzell was very community minded and actively involved with his church, Union United Methodist. He was past chairman of the administrative board and SPRC committee.
He was an active member of the Lions Club; past school board member; past town board member and past police commissioner on the town board. Hartzell's proudest achievement was his family and the love they shared together. He will be remembered as a loving husband, father, grandfather, great-grandfather, brother and friend.
In addition to his parents, Mr. Hartzell was preceded in death by his sister, Myra Redmon. Funeral services will be held on Thursday, Jan. Interment with military honors will immediately follow services. Hartzell's Life Memorial webpage and sign his online guestbook at www.
Kay was the wife of the late Lt. In addition to her husband and parents, she was preceded in death by her youngest son, Michael Bennett , her sister, Jane Robinson Clendaniel and a grandson. Her immediate family will gather for a private tribute in the near future. In lieu of flowers, memorial contributions may be made in her memory to Vitas-Innovative Hospice Care, Commerce Dr. Massey -- Carolyn E. Massey, 75, of Seaford, died on Tuesday, Jan.
Carolyn worked for the Blood Bank of Delaware for 30 years. She is survived by her husband of 57 years, Richard H. Burial will be in Hillcrest Cemetery, Federalsburg, Md. Craig Lipscomb -- W. A native of Virginia Beach, Va. Williams of Seaford and the late William Carney Lipscomb. In addition to his mother, he is survived by a daughter, Whitney Lipscomb of Pungoteague, Va. Funeral services will be conducted at 2 p.
Interment will follow in Wachapreague Cemetery. Family will join friends at the funeral home one hour before the service. Online condolences may be sent to the family at www. He was born on Nov. Joe was a native of Philadelphia, Pa. Joe worked at Strathmore Press Inc. He and his wife, Barbara, retired to Seaford in He is survived by his wife of 54 years, Barbara C. Jay and his wife Lauren of Cherry Hill. He is also survived by his six grandsons, one granddaughter and numerous nieces and nephews.
Visitation will be held from 6 to 8 p. A Catholic Mass will be held at 11 a. Hazzard -- John W. John was born on April 10, at Wicomico Hospital. John was an avid sailor, loved fishing, baseball and college football, and loved visiting Tucson, Ariz.
He was preceded in death by his parents, William Bill and Mildred. He is survived by brother, Jim; sister-in-law, Norma; nephew, James; cousins, Suzanne Seville and Sidney Laird, as well as countless friends and extended family in Seaford and Tucson.
John was a down-home Sussex County boy who clung tightly to his roots. He is and will be deeply missed. The family would like to sincerely thank Bob and Diana Trice who were longtime neighbors and dear friends in life and death. We would also like to thank Michael and Meg Mulrine for helping out at this difficult time. He will be laid to rest with his parents in Odd Fellows Cemetery.
A memorial is being planned for a later date. Ellis -- Dorothy M. Ellis, 95, formerly of Laurel, passed away on Tuesday, Jan. Dorothy was born in Amite, La. Monroe and Odie Lee Monroe. Dorothy retired from the Laurel School District where she was a baker in the cafeteria. In addition to her parents, she was preceded in death by a brother, Douglas Monroe and her first husband, Martin H. Mitchell in and second husband, Robert Ellis in A celebration of her life will be held at 2 p.
Pastor Ralph Fraser will officiate. Contributions may be made in her memory to Laurel Nazarene Church, P. Box , Salisbury, MD She married Melvin Bradley on Aug. She loved to travel with her husband and spend time with her family. The family will receive friends from 1 to 2. Expressions of sympathy may be made to the St. Jude Place, Memphis, TN or by visiting stjude. She is survived by a son, Michael H. In addition to her parents, she was preceded in death by her husband, Leroy Burris Jr. Edwin Frederick Cade Sr.
He was preceded in death by his parents, Amos B. Edwin was born and raised in Greenwood and graduated from Greenwood High School in During his 15 month tour in Korea, Edwin earned the rank of Sgt. First Class and was honorably discharged after nearly two years of service. Upon his return to the United States, he went back to work at the new Bell Atlantic Telephone Company as a lineman until he retired after 44 years of service.
As a member of the Veterans of Foreign Wars since , he had the honor of serving as the youngest Post Commander from to , in Seaford. Having played baseball and basketball in high school and softball in the Army, Edwin participated in the City of Seaford fast pitch softball league until he was years-old. His greatest desire was that others would come to know the saving grace of the Lord Jesus Christ through repentance, confession, baptism and living a faithful life.
Samuel Miller of Seaford, Edwin F. A funeral service will be held at Family and friends may call one hour before the service. Francis William Kelley Jr. Born in Cambridge, Md. He was a member of Christ Evangelistic Church in Laurel. Kelley of Texas; a stepson, Robert J. Also surviving are 2 step grandchildren and 4 step great grandchildren. Burial will be in Carey's Cemetery, Millsboro.
Koster -- Margaret M. Koster, 89, of Laurel, passed away on Monday, Nov. Margaret was the daughter of the late Greene and Maggie Mumford. Koster, along with her husband, were co-owners of the Laurel House Hotel. She enjoyed working in the restaurant with her husband. Margaret dearly loved her children and grandchildren. She enjoyed every holiday, especially Christmas and Halloween, and will always be remembered for making the holidays so special and memorable.
Several nieces and nephews also survive her. Interment will follow at Odd Fellows Cemetery in Laurel. Online condolences may be made to the Koster family by visiting www. She was born in Queens, N. She was a homemaker and had worked at the Good Samaritan Shop in Laurel for over 30 years as a loving and caring volunteer. Her greatest gift was touching people's lives with her kindness and generosity.
In her spare time she loved to collect chickens. At the age of 12, Henrietta met the love of her life, John Koch, and at the age of 18, she married her best friend. They were married for 60 years. She is also survived by several nieces and nephews and leaves behind many loving friends and co-workers at the Good Samaritan Shop.
In addition to her parents, she was preceded in death by her grandson, B. Whaley and a sister, Adele C. Pastor Andrew Watkins will officiate. Contributions may be made in Mrs. Koch's memory to the Good Samaritan Shop, W. Davis -- Howard S. Davis, 84, of Seaford, died on Thursday, Nov. Davis owned his own trucking business for over 50 years.
His hobbies were stock car racing, Nascar and wood crafting. He is also survived by his sister, Beatrice Humphreys and 2 nephews. Born in Baltimore, Md. In addition to his father, he is survived by his companion, Penny L. Joseph Kelley will officiate. In lieu of flowers, contributions may be made to the Gift of Life, N. Her greatest joy was spending time with her grandchildren and great grandchildren. She attended Laurel Wesleyan Church and had a strong, personal relationship with God.
Her faith helped her face her illness and in the last days she looked forward to God calling her home. She is also survived by several cousins, nieces and nephews.
Kenneth Deusa will officiate. Interment will follow at St. Memorial contributions may be made to Coastal Hospice, P. Born in Berlin, Md. Parsons and Francis L. She was a member of St. She is survived by sons, Charles M. Services will be held at 1 p. George Godfrey will officiate. Burial will be at Odd Fellows Cemetery, Seaford. Born in Bullbeger, Va. In , he married his wife, Kathleen Joseph Tapman, and had 52 years with her until her passing in Laurel worked for 45 years in the poultry business at Townsends, Inc.
He was preceded in death by one daughter, Linda Ulrich. He was also preceded in death by one brother, Richard Tapman. A funeral service and celebration of his life will be held at 1 p. Pastor Robert Hudson will officiate. She enjoyed carpentry work and was a member of the Spanish Honor Society. Brielle was full of life and loved by many friends. She loved her job at Seaford Pizza King.
Her mother, Ellen Sue Fields Mulford died in She is survived by her father, Nils C. Burial will be in Laurel Hill Cemetery, Laurel. Russo was a self employed electrician. He was preceded in death by his son, Lawrence Russo. Funeral services will be held at 11 a. After a four year and four month courageous battle, he fought hard and lost against esophageal cancer. He is at peace without any suffering or pain and celebrates with the saints that have gone on before him.
A devoted husband and father, George leaves behind many loving memories for his son, Tyler W. Sadly missed by the beloved family, he leaves behind his father-in-law, Edward T. A sports enthusiast, the love of the game evolved from playing years of basketball and softball leagues in Laurel and Seaford, to coaching his son in Laurel Youth Basketball and through many years of baseball in Laurel Little League. Wingate was a decorated Vietnam War Veteran.
George retired from Seaford DuPont Co. A private funeral service was held at his request at Hannigan, Short, Disharoon Funeral Home, Laurel, where interment followed in Delaware Veterans Memorial Cemetery with full military honors. In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to St.
Pusey -- Mildred B. She lived in Bridgeville her entire life before moving to Heritage Assisted Living in Milford in In addition to being a wonderful homemaker, she was employed at the Bridgeville Pharmacy for many years before being employed as a secretary and then treasurer for the town of Bridgeville, retiring after 25 years of service.
Mildred was also a dedicated member of Union United Methodist Church in Bridgeville and always took pleasure in helping others. In addition to her parents and husband, Mildred was predeceased by her sister, Lucille Blanchard and brother, Cleveland Short, son-in-law, Phil Ellingsworth, and brothers-in-law: Ted Blanchard, Robert Smith Jr.
She will be sadly missed by her sister, Jeannette Smith, sisters-in-law: The family extends their deepest gratitude to the doctors, nurses and staff of the Delaware Hospice Center for their compassionate care of Mildred during the last days of her life. A special thanks to the wonderful nurses and staff of Heritage who took such good care of her the past five years. Interment will follow in Bridgeville Cemetery. She is reunited in Heaven with her first born daughter, Beryl Jean Calloway.
In addition, there will be a heavenly reunion of brothers: She is survived by her daughter and son-in-law, Vicky and Jim Quirk; grandchildren and spouses: Services will be held at 6 p. Visitation will be held before the service from 4 to 6 p. Burial will be Friday, Dec. Flowers are welcome or you may make a donation, in her name, to a favorite charity.
Cosgrove -- Margarete R. Cosgrove, 88, of Rehoboth Beach, passed away on Thursday, Dec. Margarete was a homemaker and a member of the Rehoboth Art League. She enjoyed painting, needlepoint and fine arts. She started the first Girl Scout troop in Rehoboth Beach. Cosgrove is survived by her sons, Andrew E. Cosgrove of Kansas, Thomas R. In addition to her parents, she was preceded in death by her husband, Dr. Albert Cosgrove and a brother, Dr.
Services were held in Woodlawn Cemetery in Millsboro. In lieu of flowers, contributions may be made to a charity of your choice. Online condolences may be made to the Cosgrove family by visiting www. Porter -- Paul R. Porter, 85, of Seaford, died Sunday, Dec. His wife, Mary Ellen Porter died in In lieu of flowers, the family suggests donations to the Wounded Warrior Project, G.
Vannoy was born on Sept. Survivors include three daughters, Marilyn Coulbourne, Frances Wheatley and Charlotte Ferguson; 2 sons-in-law; 7 grandchildren; 7 great grandchildren; and 2 great great grandchildren.
He enjoyed garden railroading and was an avid camper. A funeral service will be held at 5: Pastor Chuck Reynolds will officiate.
In lieu of flowers, gifts in memory of Wayne may be directed to support the research efforts in the laboratory of Dr.
Please make checks payable to Johns Hopkins Medicine. Gifts may be mailed with a memo indicating that this gift is in memory of Wayne Henry and for Dr. Michael Hibler, N. Arrangements are in the care of Holloway Funeral Home, Salisbury. To send condolences to the family, visit www.
Sirman -- Travis G. Sirman, 70, of Laurel, went to be with the Lord on Wednesday, Dec. She was raised in Melson, Md. Travis retired from the Sussex County Department of Libraries in Georgetown after 24 years of service. She also had worked at the Laurel Action Block during seasonal harvests.
She was a proud member of the Women of the Moose Lodge of Seaford where she earned her Academy of Friendship Degree and served on numerous committees. Above all her accomplishments, she mostly enjoyed spending time with her wonderful family.
A loving mother and wife, she is survived by her husband of 53 years, David I. She is also survived by a sister-in-law, Hilda Pusey of Laurel and several nieces and nephews. The Women of the Moose Lodge will conduct a service at 1: John Van Tine will officiate. Box , Seaford, DE or St. Box , Department , Memphis, TN Online condolences may be made to the Sirman family by visiting www. The family will receive friends from 1 to 3 p.
Born in Milford, Mrs. Boyce was the daughter of the late Edward Russell, a ferryboat captain. One day on a blind date she met a Philadelphia trolley car conductor named Dawson Boyce from Laurel. They married and lived in Philadelphia until the birth of their first child, Russell Stockley Boyce, in after which they moved to Laurel and built a home.
Their daughter, Charlotte Rebecca Boyce, was born in Shortly after building their home, the young wife and mother of two entered the chicken business. Starting with a single chicken house in , raising chickens became a 30 year business of running and maintaining 5 chicken houses with three to four flocks a year. It was hard manual work caring for the chickens morning and night.
Geneva did much of the work and this probably helped her live to the ripe old age of With a great talent for math, Geneva would frequently out-calculate the tellers at the bank who were using adding machines. Until a week before her death, every birthday, anniversary or other significant date was instantly available from her quick memory.
Fortunate to have her loving daughter Charlotte and son-in-law Raymond nearby, she was able to live independently for many years. The family would like to extend sincere thanks to the caring staff at Genesis Seaford Center who made a loving home for Geneva in her final years. Joe Burris will officiate. Interment will be private.
Smith -- Marie A. Smith, 90, of Seaford, died Monday, Dec. Smith retired from the Seaford School District where she worked in the cafeteria.
Her husband, William J. Smith died in She is survived by 3 daughters, Peggy Smith of Cary, N. Adkins -- Lois W. Adkins, 86, of Laurel, passed away on Tuesday, Dec. Lois was born in Salisbury, a daughter of the late Francis A. Woerner and Mary Ellis Woerner. Lois retired as a secretary for the Laurel School District with over 30 years of service.
Ritchie and wife Bebeth of Laurel; two granddaughters and three grandsons along with several nieces and nephews. Pastor Everett Isaac will officiate. Interment will follow in Odd Fellows Cemetery, Laurel. Adkins' memory to the Laurel Alumni Association, P. Online condolences may be made to the Adkins family by visiting www.
Born in Milford, he was the son of the late Meril Sr. Michael had worked in sign repair and installation for many years. He is survived by his sister, Madeline E. He is the son of the late Leon and Grace Hastings.
Mark was a graduate of Laurel High School. Monday, August 27, - 9: Death of George L. George served 20 years in the United States Air Force as a radio communications specialist; he retired with the rank of Staff Sergeant. His time of service included the Vietnam and Korean Wars.
Following his retirement he worked all over the world for 13 years as a radio officer for the State Department. Truman Lodge , when he was stationed in Naples, Italy. When he moved to Rhinebeck he became a member of the Rhinebeck Lodge F. He was a dual member of Hendrick Hudson Lodge He was also a member of the Scottish Rite and Cyprus Shriners. George was very active with the Shriners Hospital for Children, Springfield, MA transporting patients and their families.
George is survived by many close friends in Rhinebeck and the surrounding area. Interment was in the Wurtemburg Cemetery. Tuesday, August 14, - 9: On Wednesday, June 20, She grew up in Akron, OH. Ovaline attended Cooper-Union School of Art in New York City and was a skilled and gifted artist, working primarily in drawing and oil paints.
She married her husband on Groundhog Day in After a brief residence in Alexandria, VA, they were transferred by the U. Ovaline taught art in Tehran and Panama City, where she also had one person show of her art work. Ovaline joined the Art League at the Torpedo Factory in Alexandria, VA, where she continued to attend art classes and earned two one person shows and shared a three person show.
A celebration of life service is scheduled for Sunday, August 19, at 2: In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to your favorite charity in Ovaline 's name, or the memorial fund at SUMC, would be appreciated.